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Kernel Ridge Regression in Clinical Research
(Englisch)
Cleophas, Ton J. & Zwinderman, Aeilko H.

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Produktbeschreibung

IBM (international business machines) has published in its SPSS statistical software 2022 update a very important novel regression method entitled Kernel Ridge Regression (KRR). It is an extension of the currently available regression methods, and is suitable for pattern recognition in high dimensional data, particularly, when alternative methods fail. Its theoretical advantages are plenty and include the


  • kernel trick for reduced arithmetic complexity,
  • estimation of uncertainty by Gaussians unlike histograms,
  • corrected data-overfit by ridge regularization,
  • availability of 8 alternative kernel density models for datafit.

A very exciting and wide array of preliminary KRR research has already been published by major disciplines (like studies in quantum mechanics and nuclear physics, studies of molecular affinity / dynamics, atomisation energy studies, but also forecasting economics studies, IoT (internet of things) studies for e-networks, plant stress response studies, big data streaming studies, etc). In contrast, it is virtually unused in clinical research. This edition is the first textbook and tutorial of kernel ridge regressions for medical and healthcare students as well as recollection / update bench, and help desk for professionals. Each chapter can be studied as a standalone, and, using, real as well as hypothesized data, it tests the performance of the novel methodology against traditional regression analyses. Step by step analyses of over 20 data files stored at Supplementary Files at Springer Interlink are included for self-assessment. We should add that the authors are well qualified in their field. Professor Zwinderman is past-president of the International Society of Biostatistics (2012-2015) and Professor Cleophas is past-president of the American College of Angiology (2000-2002). From their expertise they should be able to make adequate selections of modern KRR methods for the benefit of physicians, students, and investigators. The authors have been working and publishing together for 24 years and their research can be characterized as a continued effort to demonstrate that clinical data analysis is not mathematics but rather a discipline at the interface of biology and mathematics.


Preface

Chapter 1. Traditional Kernel Regression

Chapter 2. Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 3. Optimal Scaling vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 4. Examples of Published Kernel Ridge Regression Research So Far

Chapter 5. Some Terminology

Chapter 6. Effect of Being Blind on Age/Sex Adjusted Mortality Rate, 11630 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 7. Effect of Old Treatment on New Treatment, 35 patients, Traditional Regression vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 8. Effect of Gene Expressions on Drug Efficacy, 250 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 9. Effect of Gender, Treatment, and Their Interaction on Numbers of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillations, 40 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 10. Effect of Laboratory Predictors on Septic Mortality, 200 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 11. Effect of Times on C-reactive Protein Levels, 18 Months, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 12. Effect of Different Dosages of Prednisone and Beta-agonist on Peakflow, 78 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 13. Effect of Race, Age, and Gender on Physical Strength, 60 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 14. Effect of Treatment, Age, Gender, and Co-morbidity on Hours of Sleep, 20 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 15. Effect of Counseling Frequency and Non-compliance on Monthly Stools, 35 Constipated Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 16. Effect of Treatment Modality, Counseling, and Satisfaction with Doctor on Quality of Life, 450 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 17. Effect of Department and Patient Age Class on Risk of Falling out of Bed, 55 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 18. Effect of Diet, Gender, Sport, and Medical Treatment on LDL Cholesterol Reduction, 953 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 19. Effect of Gender, Age, Weight, and Height on Measured Body Surface, 90 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 20. Effect of General Practitioners' Age, Education, and Type of Practice on Lifestyle Advise Given, 139 Physicians, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 21. Effect of Treatment, Psychological, and Social Scores on numbers of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillations, 50 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 22. Effects of Various Predictors on Numbers of Convulsions, 3390 Patients, Traditional vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 23. Effects of Foods Served on Breakfast Taken, 252 Persons, Traditional Regressions and Multinomial Logistic Regression vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 24. Effect on Anorexia of Personal Factors, 217 Persons, Traditional Regression vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 25. Effect of Physical Exercise, Calorie Intake, and Their Interaction, on Weight Loss, 64 Patients, Traditional Regressions vs Kernel Ridge Regression

Chapter 26. Summaries


Professor Dr. T.J. Cleophas is internist / clinical pharmacologist / statistician at the educational Albert Schweitzer Hospital Dordrecht Netherlands. He is the writer of many statistics textbooks, and he tutors statistics at the Universities of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Maastricht, Leiden, Nijmegen, Netherlands. In 2020-2022 he was the invited author and editor of Springer Heidelberg Series on Machine Learning and Statistics Applied to Clinical Studies, which were bought by over 30 million professionals involved in Coronavirus research. He is currently completing an edition entitled "Kernel Ridge Regression in Clinical Research", addressing a novel methodology for big and multidimensiomal data analysis.


Professor Dr. A.H. Zwinderman is mathematical PhD, full professor of statistics, and principal investigator at the Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam. He authored 663 scientific papers and developed many novel statistical methods with particular focus on omics and big data research. He is co-founder of the sparse canonical methodology for the analysis of data with thousands of predictor variables, and together with Professor Cleophas he contributed to the statistical methods series in the journal Circulation. Much of his current work involves studies based on methodologies like parallel computing, the use of clustercomputers, GPU computing, and grid computing.