Gender Archaeologies as Social Forces.- Theoretical Framework for Understanding Gender Roles and Relations.- Gendered Landscapes in Historical Archaeology.- Brief History of Deerfield, Massachusetts and the Families in this Study.- Changing Social Relations, Changing Landscapes.- Archaeological Excavation and Material Evidence.- Questioning Separate Spheres.- Ceramics at the Complex Intersection of Social Relations.- Ceramic Use and the Meaning of Meals.- Life Cycle Shaping the Material World.- Modern Discipline and the Gendered World.- Kaleidoscope of Gender.
Gender Ideologies as Complex Social Forces.- Theoretical Framework for Understanding Gender Roles and Relations.- The Village, Families, and Archaeological Assemblages in this Study.- Gendered Landscapes in Historic Deerfield.- Complex Intersection of Social Relations and the Material World.- Critical Analyses of Separate Spheres and the Role of Life Cycle in Shaping the Material World.- Through a Kaleidoscope: Gendered Lives in Deerfield, MA.
During the last half of the nineteenth century, a number of social and economic factors converged that resulted in the rural village of Deerfield, Massachusetts becoming almost entirely female. This drastic shift in population presents a unique lens through which to study gender roles and social relations in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The lessons gleaned from this case study will provide new insight to the study of gender relations throughout other historical periods as well.
Through an intensive examination of both historical and archaeological evidence, the author presents a clear picture of the gendered social relations in Deerfield over the span of seventy years. While gender relations in urban settings have been studied extensively, this unique work provides the same level of examination to gender relations in a rural setting. Likewise, where previous studies have often focused only on relations between married men and women, the unique case of Deerfield provides insight into the experiences of single women, particularly widows and "spinsters".
This work presents a unique contribution that will be essential for anyone studying the historical archaeology of gender, or gender roles in the Victorian era and beyond.
In-depth study of a unique, mainly female population
Examines gender relations between married couples as well as single women
Gives insight on gender relations in a rural setting