Citizens of Springfield first witnessed human flight, a balloon ascent, on July 5, 1858. In 1861, the capital cityas most famous resident, Abraham Lincoln, then residing in the White House, authorized the creation of the first U.S. aair force, a a balloon to observe Confederate troops. Springfieldas interface with aviation has been a steady stream of hot-and-cold-running enthusiasm since airplanes began flying from the state fair racetrack infield about 1910. Springfield Aviation chronicles that flow and concludes with photographs from Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport in early 2008. It presents photographs of memorable airplanes, airships, and prominent aviators from the authoras extensive collection, augmented by contributions from Springfield Airport Authority, Lincoln Libraryas Sangamon Valley Collection, and many others.