Wounds and disease were as devastating on the battlefields of the ancient world as they are today. In an age of bloody combat, how did physicians and medics cope with arrow injuries, spear and sword gashes, dysentery, and infection without the benefits of anesthesia or modern medical technology? In this fascinating volume, Richard A. Gabriel explores the long-hidden world of ancient military medicine to reveal its surprisingly sophisticated body of knowledge, practice, and technique. Ranging broadly from the deserts of Egypt and North Africa, across the plains of India and Persia, to the mountains of Europe and Asia, this book examines medical history from the Bronze Age through the Middle Ages. Comprehensive, thoughtful, graphic, and always accessible, this book will be welcomed by historians and students alike.