Instructional Design in the Real World: A View from the Trenches offers guidance on how the traditional instructional design system has been used and how it must be changed to work within other systems. The environments and systems that affect the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation) process and to which it must be adapted include corporations, industry, consulting organizations, health care facilities, church and charitable groups, the military, the government, educational institutions, and others. Its application must be filtered and altered by the environments and the systems where the learning or training takes place. Every chapter includes a case study showing how the application of ID strategies, learning theories, systems theory, management theories and practices and communication tools and practices are adapted and applied in various environments. The chapters also contain lessons learned, tool tips, and suggestions for the future.