Aging of the Heart and Arteries: Relevance to Cardiovascular Diseasen Samer S. Najjar and Edward G. Lakattan n Frailty: Keystone in the Bridge Between Geriatrics and Cardiologyn William Russell Hazzardn n Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the Elderly: Evaluation and Interventionn Susan J. Zieman and Beth R. Malaskyn n Stable Coronary Artery Disease in the Elderlyn Beth R. Malasky and Joseph S. Alpertn n Age and Mortality and Morbidity in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarctionn Steven P. Schulman and Gary Gerstenblithn n Unstable Angina/Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction in the Elderlyn Stephen D. Wiviott and Christopher P. Cannonn n Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in the Elderlyn Michael J. McWilliams and Eric J. Topoln n Cardiac Surgery in the Elderlyn David D. Yuh and William A. Baumgartnern n Heart Failure in the Elderlyn Michael W. Richn n Valvular Heart Disease in the Elderlyn Milind Y. Desai and Gary Gerstenblithn n Arrhythmia Management in the Elderlyn Jonathan P. Piccini and Hugh Calkinsn n Peripheral Arterial Disease in the Elderlyn Emile R. Mohler III and William R. Hiattn n Cardiac Rehabilitation in Older Cardiac Patientsn Philip A. Adesn n Clinical Pharmacologyn Janice B. Schwartzn n Medical Treatment of the Cardiac Patient Approaching the End of Lifen Lofty L. Basta, W. Daniel Doty, and Michael D. D. Geldartn n Index
A panel of clinicians, researchers, and leaders in the field review and discuss the latest findings on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of cardiovascular disease in the older patient. The authors explain the physiological changes associated with the normal aging process that may lead to the development of disease, to adverse consequences once disease develops, and which alter the risk-benefit equation for medical and other interventions designed to diagnose, assess, and treat cardiovascular disease. The focus is on particularly common syndromes in the elderly, including cardiac failure with normal ejection fraction, isolated systolic hypertension, and atrial fibrillation. Wherever possible, the authors take an evidence-based approach to recommendations and rely heavily on prospective clinical trials.