Table of Contents Contributors Preface: An Exciting Era in Polar Microbiology I. MICROBIAL DIVERSITY IN POLAR ENVIRONMENTS 1. Bacterial Diversity in Polar Habitats Bronwyn M. Kirby, Samantha Easton, I. Marla Tuffin, and Don A. Cowan 2. Archaea Thomas D. Niederberger, Ian R. McDonald, and S. Craig Cary 3. Bacteriophages at the Poles Robert V. Miller 4. Fungi in Polar Environments Polona Zalar, Silva Sonjak, and Nina Gunde-Cimerman II. ADAPTATIONS AND PHYSIOLOGY OF COLD-ADAPTED MICROORGANISMS IN POLAR ENVIRONMENTS 5. General Characteristics of Cold-Adapted Microorganisms Shawn Doyle, Markus Dieser, Erik Broemsen, and Brent Christner 6. Genomic and Expression Analyses of Cold-Adapted Microorganisms Corien Bakermans, Peter W. Bergholz, Debora F. Rodrigues, Tatiana A. Vishnivetskaya, Hector L. Ayala-del-Rio, and James M. Tiedje 7. Metagenomic Analysis of Polar Ecosystems Etienne Yergeau and Charles W. Greer 8. Polar Microorganisms and Biotechnology Georges Feller and Rosa Margesin III. ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLING OF POLAR MICROBIOLOGY COMMUNITIES 9. Microbial Carbon Cycling in Permafrost Tatiana A. Vishnivetskaya, Susanne Liebner, Roland Wilhelm, and Dirk Wagner 10. Polar Marine Microbiology Connie Lovejoy 11. Cryospheric Environments in Polar Regions (Glaciers and Ice Sheets, Sea Ice, and Ice Shelves) Mark Skidmore, Anne Jungblut, Matthew Urschel, and Karen Junge IV. CHALLENGES TO LIVING IN POLAR AND SUBPOLAR ENVIRONMENTS 12. Low-Temperature Limits of Microbial Growth and Metabolism P. Buford Price 13. Climate Change, Ozone Depletion, and Life at the Poles Helen A. Vrionis, Karen Warner, Lyle G. Whyte, and Robert V. Miller 14. Life in Ice on Other Worlds Christopher P. McKay, Nadia C. S. Mykytczuk, and Lyle G. Whyte Index
This edited volume on Arctic, Antarctic and sub-polar microbiology is designed to introduce this fascinating field to a wide range of microbiologists and environmental scientists. Polar microbiology is a fast-growing field that can tell us much about the fundamentals of life on earth and the microbial contributions and consequences to such important global environmental issues as warming earth, ozone depletion, and elemental cycling. Polar microbial communities are considered important analogues for astrobiology investigations looking for life on other very cold solar system bodies.