Über den Autor
Joshua B. Gurtler, USDA Research Scientist, Phoenixville, PA
Michael P. Doyle, Regents Professor of Food Microbiology, Director, Center for Food Safety, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Georgia, Griffin, GA
Jeffrey L. Kornacki, President and Senior Technical Director, Kornacki Microbiology Solutions, Inc., Madison, WI
A. Introduction and Overview.- 1. The Microbiological Safety of Spices and Low Water Activity Foods: Correcting Historic Misassumptions.-2. Challenges in the Control of Foodborne Pathogens in Low-Water Activity Foods and Spices.- B. Pathogen Persistence and Control in Low aw Foods and Processing Plants.- 3. Adaptation of Pathogenic Microorganisms to Dry Conditions.- 4. Transcriptomic Responses of Salmonella Species to Desiccation and Low-Moisture Environments: Extending Our Knowledge of How Bacteria Cope with Low-Moisture Stress.- 5. Processing Plant Investigations: Practical Approaches to Determining Sources of Persistent Bacterial Strains in the Industrial Food Processing Environment.- 6. Dry Cleaning, Wet Cleaning and Alternatives to Processing Plant Hygiene and Sanitation.- C. Low aw Food Commodities of Interest.- 7. Spices.- 8. Dried Dairy-Based Products.- 9. Low Water Activity Meat Products.- 10. Dried, Ready-to-Eat Cereal Products.- 11. Powdered Infant Formula.- 12. Nuts and Nut Pastes.- 13. Flour and Meal.- 14. Chocolate and Confectionary.- 15. Salty Snack Foods.- 16. Pet Foods.- 17. Dried Teas and Herbs.- D. Product Testing.- 18. Regulatory Testing Guidelines and Recommendations.- 19. Methodological and Sampling Challenges to Testing Spices and Low aw Foods for the Presence of Foodborne Pathogens.- E. Low aw Food Decontamination.- 20. Irradiation, Microwave and Alternative Energy-Based Treatments for Low Water Activity.- 21. Heat and Steam Treatments.- F. Research Needs.- 22. Research Gaps and Needs Pertaining to Microbial Pathogens in Spices and Low aw Foods.
Describes the microbial challenges to ensuring the safety of low water activity (aw) food
Gives insight into regulatory issues, and appropriate product sampling and testing methods
Explores the efficacy of industrially-used and potential product decontamination interventions