General overview.- Hydrogen energy by environmetally friendly fuels.- Hydrogen production.- Utilization of biomass.- Utilization of biogas and methane dry reforming.- Ethanol reforming .- Methanol reforming.- Biodiesel.- Catalysis beyond biodiesel including fine chemistry.- Low Temperature methane combustion.- Reaction in Membranes and Catalysts.- PEMFC.- DMFC.- Photocatalysis and solar cells.- Direct utilization of solar energy.- Concluding remarks and future perspectives.
The increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and the decrease of the available amount of fossil fuels necessitate finding new alternative and sustainable energy sources in the near future. This book summarizes the role and the possibilities of catalysis in the production of new energy carriers and in the utilization of different energy sources. The main goal of this work is to go beyond those results discussed in recent literature by identifying new developments that may lead to breakthroughs in the production of alternative energy. The book discusses the use of biomass or biomass derived materials as energy sources, hydrogen formation in methanol and ethanol reforming, biodiesel production, and the utilization of biogases. Separate sections also deal with fuel cells, photocatalysis, and solar cells, which are all promising processes for energy production that depend heavily on catalysts.
Summarizes recent problems in using catalysts in alternative energy generation and proposes novel solutions Reconsiders the role of catalysis in alternative energy generation Contributors include catalysis and alternative energy experts from across the globe