Foreword.- Microphysics of Cosmic Plasmas: Background, Motivation and Objectives.- Microphysics in Astrophysical Plasmas.- Turbulence and Instabilities in the Solar Wind.- Solar Surface and Atmospheric Dynamics: The Photosphere.- MHD Turbulence and the Generation of Magnetic Fields.- Microphysics of Cosmic Ray Driven Plasma Instabilities.- Nonclassical Transport and Particle-field Coupling: from Laboratory Plasmas to the Solar Wind.- Collisional and Radiative Processes in Optically-Thin Plasmas.- Evolution in Our Understanding of Collisionless Reconnection and Its Connection with Turbulence.- MHD Reconnection in Complex and Turbulent Fields.- Hierarchies of Plasma Instabilities: MHD to Kinetic Scales.- In-situ Observations of Reconnections in Space.- Kinetic Structure of Current Sheets in Earth's Magnetotail.- Mechanisms of Spontaneous Reconnection: from Magnetospheric to Fusion Plasma.- Topics in the Microphysics of Relativistic Plasmas.- Radio Astronomy and Plasma Diagnostics of the Interstellar Medium.- Microphysics of Quasi-parallel Shocks in Collisionless Plasmas.- Dynamic Quasi-perpendicular Shocks: Cluster Discoveries.- Collisionless Shocks in Partly Ionized Plasma with Cosmic Rays: Microphysics of Non-thermal Components.- Electron-Ion Temperature Equilibration in Collisionless Shocks: the Supernova Remnant-Solar Wind Connection.- Methods for Characterizing Microphysical Processes in Plasmas.- Laboratory Astrophysics: Investigation of Planetary and Astrophysical Maser Emission.
Presents a comprehensive review of physical processes in astrophysical plasmas.
This title presents a review of the detailed aspects of the physical processes that underlie the observed properties, structures and dynamics of cosmic plasmas. An assessment of the status of understanding of microscale processes in all astrophysical collisionless plasmas is provided. The topics discussed include turbulence in astrophysical and solar system plasmas as a phenomenological description of their dynamic properties on all scales; observational, theoretical and modelling aspects of collisionless magnetic reconnection; the formation and dynamics of shock waves; and a review and assessment of microprocesses, such as the hierarchy of plasma instabilities, non-local and non-diffusive transport processes and ionisation and radiation processes. In addition, some of the lessons that have been learned from the extensive existing knowledge of laboratory plasmas as applied to astrophysical problems are also covered. This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers active in the areas of cosmic plasmas and space science. Originally published in Space Science Reviews journal, Vol. 278/2-4, 2013.
Presents a comprehensive and up-to-date review of physical processes in space and astrophysical plasmas, from the near-Earth space to the most distant parts of the Universe
Broadly discusses topics in plasma astrophysics, from magneto hydrodynamics to plasma instabilities, turbulence and non-classical transport processes
Written by a rare and unique collection of authors, whose specialties cover the complete range of disciplines in the topics discussed, from space physics to astrophysics