1 Minorities and Special Needs.- Cultural Variables and the Hispanic Drug Abuser.- Toward a Model for Alcohol Rehabilitation of Urban Minorities.- The Drug Treatment Process Among Minorities.- Effects of an Affective Drug Abuse Prevention Program on Inner City Black Youths.- Symposium on Minorities and Primary Prevention.- Do Pacific/Asians Have Alcohol Problems? A Preliminary Report.- The Support System of the Alcoholic: Responses and Interventions.- Uneroding Enamel: The Stigmatized Sub- Culture in Hawaii.- The Application of a Phase-Level Approach for the Treatment of Young Adult Alcohol and Multiple Substance Abusers in an Urban Community.- An Alcohol Treatment Model for Use with the Puerto Rican Community.- Consultation to a Puerto Rican Drug Abuse Program.- The Black Drug Abuser; The Lack of Utilization of Treatment Services.- Drug Treatment for the Elderly Abuser.- A Drug Education Program for the Elderly.- Treatment of Gays in a Straight Environment: Gay Alcoholics, Drug Addicts Survive a "Straight In-patient Milieu".- 2 Rural & Urban Issues.- Coping with Reluctance to Change in Rural Prevention Programming.- Delivery Systems: Drug Abuse Treatment Programs in Rural Setting.- The Alcohol and Other Drug Use Among Rural Adolescents: Some Implications for Rural Drug Programming.- Establishing a Rural Substance Abuse Program: A First-Hand Report from the Battlefield.- 3 Prevention.- The Family as a Basic Prevention Unit.- Alpha Centers: A Viable Prevention Model for Substance Abuse Agencies and Public Schools.- Modules in Prevention: A Flexible Approach to Training.- Primary Prevention from an "Ecological Perspective".- Teaching the Positive Attainment of Altered States of Consciousness as a Prevention and Drug Treatment Approach.- Approaches for Effective Prevention Work in Public Schools.- An Existing School Program as a Model for Prevention Work in Public School Systems.- An Environmental Intervention Approach to Prevention and Treatment of Youthful Drug Abusers.- Fvediotive aooountdbility for Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Prevention Programs.- Developing a Comprehensive Community Based Prevention Program - A Multi-System Planning Model.- 4 Training, Education, and Credentialinc.- Substance Abuse Education in the D.C. Public Schools.- Professional Nursing Education About the Alcohol and Drug Dependent Person.- The Pharmacology of Drug Abuse: Drug Education at San Quentin.- The Holistic Classroom Model.- Providing Skills Training to Former Drug Abusers in Treatment.- Work Habits Training - Basic Skills for Employment Success in Drug Abuse Clients.- Credentialing: Issues and Considerations for the Front Line Worker.- Training and Organizational Development - Married or Just Living Together.- Establishing Minimum Standards in Evaluating Drug Education.- Continuing Medical Education in Alcoholism and Drug Abuse: A Formula for Success.- A Management System for the Training and Supervision of Psychology, Social Work, and Nursing Trainees in a Substance Abuse Treatment Facility.- "Learn by Doing" - A Model for Community Health and Drug Education.- Pretraining Screening: How to Pick the Winners.- A Meaningful Credentialing for Senior Non- Degreed Drug Workers.- A Look at the Three Masters Programs: The Lincoln-Eagleville Masters Program, Biscayne College and the Institute of Experiential Training.- The Interface Between Training and Education.- The Effectiveness of Short-term Counselor Training in Vocational Rehabilitation Implemented from a Corporate Perspective.- Clinical Staff Training for Treatment of Both Drug and Alcohol Dependent Patients.- The Institute of Experiential Training: A Training Program for Drug Abuse Counselors.- An Evaluation of a Comprehensive Training Program for Drug Treatment Services Staff.- Competency Based Assessment Approach for Training and Job Performance.- 5 Vocational Rehabilitation.- Behavioral Treatment of Test Anxiety in a Drug Abuse Vocational Rehabilitation Day Program.- Vocational Training for Drug Abusers: Identifying the Early Dropout.- Vocational Rehabilitation for Substance Abusers: A Model Program.- Implications in the Inclusion of Substance Abusers as Handicapped Individuals in Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.- Vocational Outcome Following Residential Work/ Therapy Program - During High Unemployment and Recession Period.- Vocational Rehabilitation: The Key to Rehabilitative Success.- Vocational Services in NIDA-Funded Drug Treatment Programs.- Vocational Characteristics of Substance Abusers Admitted to a Therapeutic Community.- Winning Over Employers: A Comprehensive Approach to Job Placement with Substance Abusers.- Innovations in Vocational Rehabilitation: 1) Brief, Intensive Job Attainment Training.- Innovations in Vocational Rehabilitation: 2) Self-Employment Development.- Hiring the Ex-Addict - Good Business or Bad.- 6 Managerial & Administrative Issues.- Regionalization of Substance Abuse Services Utilizing Existing Medical and Substance Abuse Facilities.- State and Community Cooperation in Addict Offender Treatment: Two Years Later.- Management by Objective and Radical Humanist Perspective as Related to Community Function.- Needs Assessment for Drug Abuse Treatment Agencies: Four Empirical Approaches.- A Computerized Management Information System and a Unique Funding Mechanism for Outpatient Drug Services in a County Program Network.- Administrative Planning for a Fusion of Systems: Where Prevention and Treatment Must Merge.- Taking Stock: The Development of a Comprehensive Fee-For-Service Network of Drug and Alcohol Services in a Suburban County.- The Role of Formal Planning in an Era of No Growth: The Philadelphia Experience.- The Take Over Cycle.- The Management and the Research System - Is There a Difference?.- The War Within the Drug Abuse Program: Problems of Linkage Between Criminal Justice and Health Service Systems.- Using Management by Objectives as a Tool for Management of Treatment.- Drug Abuse Caseload Management.- Pre-Trial Intervention Among Adult Drug Abusers in the Criminal Justice System.- Accounting for the Expenditure of Public Funds: An Accountability System for Provincially Funded Treatment Agencies.- An Examination of Various Legislative Acts Which Allow for Treatment in Lieu of Incarceration for Drug Related Offenses.- Credentialing and Licensing: Community Programs in Crisis?.- Third Party Payments Revisited: Everything is Relative.- Toward a Functional Drug Abuse Program Management Theory.- 7 Sociology of Drug Abuse.- The Polydrug Tree: A Graphical Presentation of Concurrent Multiple Substance Abuse by Clients in Ten Treatment Facilities.- First Drug Use in Relation to Drug Career Among Youth in Treatment for Drug Abuse.- DAEDAC - A National Archive Service Assisting Social Scientists in Drug Abuse Research.- Prevalence of Interactive Multiple Substance Abuse Among Youth in Drug Treatment.- A Socio-Cultural Comparison of Lifestyles and Survival Differences Between Chinese and Black Addicts on Methadone in New York City.- Life Events Leading to Suicide in Drug Abusers.- Self Destructive Behavior Patterns in Male and Female Drug Abusers.- Differences Between Males and Females in Drug Treatment Programs.- Drug Treatment Entry Patterns and Socioeconomic Characteristics of Asian American, Native American, and Puerto Rican Clients.- A Longitudinal Study Predicting Heroin and Alcohol Use Among Young Puerto Ricans.- A Descriptive Study of Drug Use Among the Hearing Impaired in a Senior High School for the Hearing Impaired.- Family Structures of Drug Dependent Individuals.- Chronobiological Factors in Drug Abuse.- Rapidly Developing Psychosis as Complication of Innocent Over-the-Counter Drug Use.- Drug Abuse of Hallucinogenic Plants: Datura Suaveolens.- Multiple Alcohol and Illicit Drug Abuse Considered with Respect to Time Dimensions.- Ethnicity and Transculturality: Its Relevancy in Training Personnel to Work with Clients with Dependency Disorders.- Heroin Prevalence: The Development of a Socioeconomic Model.- Chemical Substance Abuse Among the Physically Disabled.- Ethnicity and Drug Use Among Urban Junior High School Youths.- Drug Addicts - Are They All the Same?.- Cross Cultural Approaches to Working with Addict Families.- 8 Public Policy.- Public Policy Recommendations from the National Drug Abuse Conference.- Response to Addiction: A Social Policy of Benign Neglect in Industrial Societies.- The Impact of Drug Abuse on Organizational Performance and Policy Evaluation.- 9 Miscellaneous.- Urine Testing in Parole Offices.- The Beat of a Different Drummer.- The PSA Puzzle: Making Media Work.- Activating Solutions to Alcoholism Among the Hearing Impaired.
Determination and treatment of the unique needs of each addicted individual is a prerequisite to rehabilitation. General descriptions of large subgroups of the addicted population may only serve to iden tify issues pertinent to treatment and global treatment needs. How ever, specification of services needed is a first step in incorpora ting these in treatment. Clearly, women in treatment need many ser vices which, currently, are not typically available and may be criti cal for successful treatment of many of these women. REFERENCES Anderson, M. 1977. Medical needs of addicted women and men and the implications for treatment: focus on women. WDR report #4. Nat. Inst. Drug Abuse. Special Treatment Projects Section, Services Research Branch, Div. Resource Development. Blinick, G. 1971. Fertility of narcotics addicts and effects of ad diction on the offspring. Soc. BioI. l8(Supplement): 34. Blumer, H. et al. 1967. The World of Youthful Drug Use. Berkeley, California: Univ. of Calif. Doyle, K. and Levy, S. 1975. The female client: How treated in drug abuse programs. Paper presented at Annual Meeting, Am. Psychol. Assoc., Chicago, Illinois. Edwards, H., Johnston, M., and Simon, W. 1976. The incidence and prevalence of drug use among adults in Illinois. Report: Insti tute for Juvenile Research, Dept. Mental Health, Chicago, Ill. Eldred, C. and Washington, M. 1976. Interpersonal relationships in heroin use by men and women and their role in treatment outcome. Int. J. Add. 11: 117.
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