This book is the result of the contributions presented at a conference held from August 30 to September 1, 1984 at the Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France. This meeting was organized under the joint auspices of the European Brain and Behaviour Society (EBBS) and the Societe Fran~aise pour 1 'Etude du Comportement Animal (SFECA). The objective of this meeting was to bring together an international group of participants to evaluate and to report on recent research in three broad and overlapping fields within the general theme of the relationships between brain plasticity and learning and memory. These three fields are "developmental plasticity""adaptive plasticity" and "restorative plas tici ty." Al though the boundaries between these fie Ids are a rna t ter of debate (see Introduction), they have been retained as the major sections of this volume, the arrangement of which roughly parallels that of the meeting. We believe and very much hope that the contents of this volume convey an internal consistency despite the diversity of the material presented.
Brain plasticity, learning and memory: Historical background and conceptual perspectives.- Developmental Plasticity: The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory during Ontogeny.- Alterations induced by early learning and early stimulation.- Imprinting and the neural basis of memory.- Morphological correlates of imprinting.- Noradrenaline and its possible role in imprinting.- The cell biological consequences of passive avoidance training in the chick.- Influence of developmental factors on imprinting.- Extraretinal factors controlling the development of neuronal selectivity.- Changes in the avian visual Wulst following early monocular deprivation.- Noradrenergic modulation of learning and brain plasticity.- Are Beta adrenoreceptors involved in visuocortical plasticity?.- Role of the locus coeruleus system in behavioral plasticity.- Adaptive Plasticity: The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory in Adult Organisms.- Biochemical and morphological alterations.- Role of serotonin and cAMP on short-term plastic changes underlying simple forms of learning process.- Protein kinase C and substrate protein Fl (47 kD, 4.5 pI): Relation to synaptic plasticity and dendritic spine growth.- Turnover of cerebral DNA in learning and sleep.- Hippocampal mossy fiber distribution and two-way avoidance learning in rats and mice.- Short-term and long-term potentiation.- What can the long-term potentiation procedure tell us about the neural mechanisms of learning and memory?.- What does the "LTP model of memory" model?.- Selective activation of cerebral structures.- The cholinergic septo-hippocampal pathway, learning and memory.- Sequential intervention of different limbic structures in memory processes.- Post-learning paradoxical sleep: A critical period when new memory is reactivated?.- Modularity of the prosencephalon: The vertical systemps.- Catecholaminergic modulation of learning and memory.- Selective attention, memory, and the locus coeruleus.- Noradrenaline and selective attention.- Modulation of spontaneous and sensory-evoked discharge of locus coeruleus neurons by behavioral state: Functional implications.- Mechanisms of action of noradrenaline in the brain.- Modulation of selective processes in learning by neocortical and limbic dopamine: Studies of behavioural strategies.- Neuroendocrine and peptidergic modulation of learning and memory.- Hormonal influences on memory: Interaction of central and peripheral systems.- Effects of central administration of corticosterone or adrenalectomy in mice on memory and evoked activity in the hippocampus.- Vasopressin, hippocampal excitability and paired-pulse potentiation.- Effects of lysine-vasopressin on spontaneous behavior and learning in appetitive tasks in the rat.- Oxytocin and vasopressin in memory and amnesia.- Cholecystokinin, learning and memory.- Possible involvement of neuroexcitatory amino acids and related peptides in learning and memory processes.- Restorative Plasticity: Brain Damage and Functional Recovery.- Early brain damage.- Functional deficits and anatomical sparing after prenatal brain damage in the rat.- Visual discrimination learning in rats following early life undernutrition: Recent findings and review.- Ontogeny of acquisition and retention of two-way active avoidance in the rat: Effects of early septal damage.- Dissociation of two behavioral functions in the monkey after early hippocampal ablations.- Brain damage in adult organisms.- Is the hippocampus really involved in memory?.- Neocortex, hippocampus and performance in Lashley's maze III.- Behavioral correlates of plasticity in substantia nigra efferents.- Learning and memory performance before and after unilateral selective amygdalohippocampectomy.- Reading via a new functional pathway in an acquired dyslexia.- Aging.- Memory processes and aging in rodents.- Anatomical and behavioral studies following lesions on the basal magnocellular nucleus in the rat.- Modulation of functional recovery.- Early undernutrition and rec
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