The history of parenteral alimentation.- The regulation of energy intake by developing and adult animals.- Factors influencing amino acid utilization.- Amino Acid Requirements in childhood.- Intravenous carbohydrate tolerance in infancy.- Substrate supply and utilization in various conditions.- The utilization of xylitol, fructose and sorbitol.- Fatty acid oxidation during development.- Utilization and tolerance of intravenous fat emulsions.- Alcohol metabolism during development.- Fluid and electrolyte requirements and tolerance.- Trace elements and vitamins.- The rapid rehabilitation of severely undernourished children.- Technique of total parenteral nutrition in infants.- Postoperative parenteral feeding of neonates: Peripheral vein infusion technique, fat administration and metabolic studies.- Controlled parenteral nutrition of premature infants.- Total intravenous alimentation in low birth weight premature infants.- Intrauterine amino acid feeding of the fetus.- The role and effect of parenteral nutrition on the liver and its use in chronic inflammatory bowel disease in childhood.- Parenteral nutrition of renal disease.- Parenteral nutrition in critical illness.- Parenteral Nutrition in Children with Burns.- Experience in the Shriners Burns Institute in Cincinnati.- Experience in the Shriners Burns Institute in Boston.- Experience with central venous catheters.- Metabolic complications of total parenteral nutrition.- Infection in association with intravenous feeding.- Contributors.- Author Index.
"A tranquil mind puts flesh on a man" English proverb After aperiod of relative neglect, nutrition as a medical science is now an area of great clinical and investigative activ ity. This renewed interest in clinical nutrition derives in large part from observations suggesting that early nutritional depriva tion not only interferes with the maintenance of health, growth and resistance to disease but if present during critical periods of central nervous system development may also cause permanent impairment of intellectual capacity. Studies on brain development during malnutrition have contin ued to demonstrate the vulnerability of the developing brain to nutritional insult. Winick (1968) has emphasized that nutritional deficiency occurring while cells of the central nervous system are actively dividing results in a permanent decrease in central ner vous system cell number. Later nutritional deficiency which re sults in decrease in cell size appears to be recoverable. Perhaps even more important than effects of malnutrition on brain cell number is the effect on brain protein synthesis and myelination. As different regions of the prain grow at different rates and human cerebellar and cerebral cell number increase for the first few months of life, newborn nutritional deficiency may compromise brain development. Dobbing (1973) has focused attention on the vulnerability of the brain to nutritional insult during the brain growth spurt which occurs around the time of birth. In the human, this period extends throughout the third trimester of pregnancy and into the second postnatal year.
Springer Book Archives