Über den Autor
John Humphrey is a Professor of Criminal Justice at St. Anselm College in Manchester, New Hampshire. Dr. Humphrey received his PhD in Sociology from the University of New Hampshire in 1973. His research interests include wrongful conviction, deviant behavior and social control, police and society, and global crime and justice. He has worked on several federally-funded grant projects on gun-related criminal behavior, a life-course analysis of felony parolees, and the efficacy of restorative justice. Peter Cordella is a Professor of Criminal Justice at St. Anselm College in Manchester, New Hampshire. He received his PhD in Sociology from Boston University on 1985. His main research interests are theories of crime, models of social control, comparative criminal justice systems, violence studies and white collar crime.
¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿Part 1: Structural Location.- Marriage as an Intervention
across the Life Course.- Patterns of Unemployment and Desistance from Crime.-
Part 2: Situational Context.- Criminal Victimization and Criminal Desistance.-
Intervetions in Gang-Related Criminal Activity.- Interventions among Ex-Convicts.-
Part 3: Human Agency.- Identity Theory and Criminal Desistance.- Cognitive
Transformation and Changes in Criminal Behavior.- The Internal Narrative of
Desistance.- Part 4: Cross-Cultural Interventions.- Cross-Cultural Perspectives
on Criminal Interventions.- The Effectiveness of Marriage as an Intervention in
the Netherlands.- Work and Criminal Desistance in a Nordic Welfare State.-
Epilogue: Policy Implications and Research Recommendations.
This book provides the most current thinking on effective interventions in the lives of criminal offenders. Original articles by leading criminologists provide in-depth analyses of "turning points" in the desistance process experienced by criminal offenders. An understanding of the sources of turning points (or interventions) across the life course is vital to assessing their impact on criminal behavior. Three sources of interventions in criminal careers are identified in the literature: structural location, human agency and situated choice. Structural location refers to the social place occupied by an individual in the social structure: including marital and occupational status, education and income, and so on. Human agency means the active will of an individual to change his or her behavior, that is, the decision to stop engaging in criminal activities. In addition, situated choice coordinates the offender's willingness to end a life of crime with the social structural supports that increase the odds of criminal desistance.
This comprehensive book considers all three sources of turning points-structural location, human agency, and situated choice-across the life course of criminal offenders. The book also provides a section on cross-cultural perspectives on the effectiveness of interventions in the careers of criminal offenders.
The policy implications of each intervention are considered in individual chapters. In addition, the authors suggest a research agenda to further the understanding of the interplay among the key interventions across the life course. This book will be of interest to researchers studying criminology from a life course perspective, as well as crime prevention, and public policy.
¿¿¿¿Provides a theoretical framework for understanding effective interventions in the lives of criminal offenders
Examines recent innovations in effective intervention strategies
Studies the long term effects of marriage in the lives of criminal offenders