Jatropha curcas or Physic Nut produces fruits under tropical climate that contain seeds that are an excellent source for biodiesel. This book examines ways this plant can be transformed into a successful industrial crop and viable resource for production.
Jatropha, Challenges for a New Energy Crop Volume 2 aims to report on the state of the art of scientific investigations that were made during the past ten years on the new crop Jatropha curcas. The progresses obtained on the knowledge of this abstemious, semi-wild species are already impressive and were mainly achieved in just a decade (2001-2011). This knowledge extends from basic Jatropha physiology and biological reproduction to the basic agronomic practices and systems for its productive management, but also the complete set of biotechnological tools, such as in vitro culture, genetic transformation, genome sequencing, genetic maps, and marker-assisted selection that are necessary for its selective breeding. These scientific and technological achievements pave the way for the future technological management and domestication of Jatropha as an industrial oilseed crop able to contribute to the feeding of the transport system.
In view of the importance that Jatropha demonstrated worldwide by its large scale cultivation and emerging value for energy business as a biofuel, we felt the necessity of this first comprehensive compilation by global experts. The access to objective information may be difficult to people not directly involved with Jatropha because it is scattered among science media eventually written in different languages. Thus, we gathered the information scattered worldwide in a sort of summary or general agreement of what is known on Jatropha at the moment. This form of a compilation was also necessary because the knowledge on Jatropha is shared over the tropical belt also called Jatropha Belt by different teams, in different politico-economic realities and with different technological and scientific backgrounds. A compilation was the best way to faithfully transmit the point of view of these experts with as few biases as possible. This compilation is a valuable source of inspiration for the next generation scientists investigating this new crop, for technologists invested in improving its profitability as well as for decision makers and policy implementors; involved in politics, economists, environmentalists or social management who are thinking and acting for the development of a world based on sustainability.
1- Biology and Reproduction Laticifers of Jatropha K.V. Krishnamurthy, Padma Venkatasubramanium, S. Lalitha Wood Anatomy of Indian Jatrophas Bir Bahadur, K.V. Krishnamurthy, E. Chamundeswari Breeding System and Pollination in Jatropha curcas: An Overview Solomon Raju and Bir Bahadur Pollen of Jatropha L.: Taxonomic and Phylogenetic Considerations Bir Bahadur, G.V.S. Murthy, M. Sujatha Embryology of Jatropha - A Review K.V. Krishnamurthy Structure and Development of Fruit and Seed of Jatropha gossypifolia l. S.M. Khasim, T.V. Ramana Rao, G. Ramesh, S. Hemalatha Fruit, Seed and Seedling characters in Jatrophas G.V.S. Murthy, E. Chamundeswari, S. Goverdhen, Bir Bahadur Genetic Improvement in Jatropha curcas through Selection and Breeding Jitendra Chikara, Aruna R. Prakash, Shaik. G. Mastan, Arup Ghosh 2-Genetic diversity of Jatropha and domestication Origin, domestication, distribution and diversity of Jatropha curcas L. N. Sunil, Vinod Kumar, K.S. Varaprasad Systematics of Indian Jatropha L. Bir Bahadur, T. Pullaiah, G.V.S. Murthy Economic and Medicinal Importance of Jatrophas T. Pullaiah, Bir Bahadur Genetic Diversity of Jatropha curcas In Southern Mexico Isidro Ovando-Medina, Lourdes Adriano-Anaya, Alfredo Vázquez-Ovando, Sonia Ruiz-González, Manuel Rincón-Rabanales, Miguel Salvador-Figueroa Relationship of the genetic diversity of Jatropha curcas in Brazil and worldwide Catarina da Fonseca Lira-Medeiros, Clícia Grativol, Paulo Cavalcanti Gomes Ferreira Towards the Domestication of Jatropha: The Integration of Sciences Nicolas Carels Karyology and Genomics of Jatropha - Current Status and Future Prospects Muppala P. Reddy, P.D.V.N. Sudheer, S.G. Mastan, Hifzur Rahman, Nicolas Carels and Bir Bahadur Studies on Jatropha curcas L and its improvement through induced mutation S.K. Datta, R.K. Pandey The use of EcoTILLING for the genetic improvement of Jatropha curcas L. Fatemeh Maghuly, Joanna Jankowicz-Cieslak, Bradly J. Till and Margit Laimer Comparative Genomics in Euphorbiaceae Rajinder Singh Chauhan and Archit Sood Proteomic perspectives on understanding and improving Jatropha curcas L. Manish Raorane, Siam Popluechai, Angharad M. R. Gatehouse, Ajay Kohli 3-Jatropha germplasm Genetic Diversity, Molecular Markers and Marker Assisted Breeding in Jatropha M. Sujatha Interspecific Hybridization in the Genus Jatropha M. Sujatha, Bir Bahadur, T. Papi Reddy Genetic Affinities of Jatropha with other Euphorbiaceous Taxa M. Sujatha, T. Papi Reddy, V. Sathaiah, Bir Bahadur Jatropha germplasm manipulation in Brazil Marques Daniela de Argollo, Siqueira José Walter, Colombo Augusto Carlos, Ferrari Aparecida Roseli Conservation strategies and management of Jatropha germplasm J Radhamani and N Sivaraj 4- Biotechnology Micropropagation of Jatropha curcas for large scale multiplication of quality germplasm Aneesha Singh, J Chikara Jatropha tissue culture: A critical review on present scenario and future prospects Nitish Kumar, Muppala P Reddy Tissue culture studies of Jatropha species: A Review E. Chamundeswari, N. Rama Swamy Genetic Transformation of Jatropha curcas: Current status and future prospects Nitish Kumar, Muppala P. Reddy, M. Sujatha Improvement of Jatropha oil by genetic transformation Jian Ye, Yan Hong, Jing Qu, Chunming Wang Genome structure of Jatropha curcas L. Shusei Sato, Hideki Hirakawa, Suguru Tsuchimoto, Hiroe Sakai, Nakako Shibagaki, Sachihiro Matsunaga, Kiichi Fukui, Satoshi Tabata Towards the Metabolomics of Jatropha curcas L. Quézia de Sant'Anna, Julyana Rosa Machado, Raquel Pantoja Rodrigues, Marcela Oliveira Nogueira, Jochen Junker.
Jatropha curcas or Physic Nut is a small tree (bush plant) that produces fruits under tropical climate. The fruits contained seed that are ~40% oil rich. This oil is excellent for biodiesel. The bush is a now new coming crop because it may cope with harsh environmental conditions such as semi-aridity and poor land. It is considered as one alternative for climate mitigation that does not compete with arable land normally dedicated to food crop and can be used to regain degraded land or fight desertification. This bush has been considered seriously by the international community only recently (~2006-2008), but worldwide scientists did an outstanding job to drawn Jatropha out of its semi-wild status and bring it on the industrial scene. Problems remains, but we have now a comprehensive picture of this crop and almost every technological challenged were addressed. From now, the job will have to concentrate on breeding in order to domesticate this species. Therefore, it is the right time to sum up worldwide contributions in a comprehensive book with a breeding looking to improve the chance of this plant to stabilize as a crop and to fulfil with the expectations that humans invested in it. A book with this perspective will help international community to give a step on.
The book will be a broad and comprehensive look on Jatropha until the details since the book is being contributed by international experts worldwide that have already published works in the international press of Science. Illustrations, tables geographic maps, GPS location, etc are added by each contributors according to the feeling they have concerning what they think their contribution should be.
The singular resource on this essential new crop for bioenergy production
Contributions from preeminant scientists in the field
International necessecity for better understanding of how to transform the Physic nut into a successful industrial crop and viable resource for producti¿