Combining a global scope with great temporal depth, this book shows how gender ideologies, identities, relationships, power dynamics and practices were materially changed in the past, thus showing how they could be changed in the future.
In many facets of Western culture, including archaeology, there remains a legacy of perceiving gender divisions as natural, innate, and biological in origin. Historical and Archaeological Perspectives on Gender Transformations: From Private to Public denaturalizes the gender dichotomy between domestic women versus public men that permeates Western culture and is often taken for granted in our analyses and interpretations of the meanings of material culture. Chapters discuss how gender ideologies, identities, relationships, power dynamics, and practices were materially changed in the past, thus showing how they could be changed in the future. By showing that the domestic or private sphere has always been public in some ways, this book contributes to the major goal of denaturalizing gender stereotypes.
This volume builds on previous feminist critiques and research in historical archaeology showing that the supposedly mutually exclusive separate spheres in the binary gender ideology were not completely separate in actual practice. It is organized conceptually, according to ways that personal, private, intimate, and domestic affairs became political and public in the past, either by bringing aspects of the public sphere into the supposedly private domestic sphere, or by transforming aspects of the domestic sphere into the public sphere. As a whole the volume flows logically in four sections.
· The Private is Political: The Public Sphere inside the Domestic Sphere of the Home
· How External Colonization made Domestic, Intimate, and Bodily Affairs Public
· Transformations of Domestic and Private Bodily Matters into Public Concerns and Organizations
· Internal Colonialism: Public Reform of Domestic Material Practices
Historical and Archaeological Perspectives on Gender Transformations: From Private to Public has clear implications for historical archaeology, a discipline many would argue is dedicated to exposing inequality in the present by tracing the material genealogies of ideologies such as capitalism, racism, and sexism. It is a great resource for professionals and students in the fields of history, historical archaeology, cultural geography, women s studies, American studies, and material culture studies, and anybody who is interested in understanding the past in order to understand the present.
Introduction.- The Air of an Unwilling Slave.- Domestic Production for Public Markets.- Working from Home.- Mina Miller Edison's Progression from Private Gardens to Conservation and the Public Community Beautification.- Time, Space, and Humiliation.- Missionization and the Cult of Domesticity.- Confusing Roles.- Regulating Bodies in Colonial Cape Town.- Ethnicity, Religion, and Sanitation after the Fall of the Granada Kingdom in Spain.- The Measures and Materiality of Improvement in Ireland.- Making Men and Women Blush.- Reform or Racialization.- How Men and Women Transformed American Culture by Making the Private Public.- Between Archaeology, Domestic Technology and Swedish Modernity.- Decently Dressed.- Commentary.
Über den Autor
Suzanne M. Spencer-Wood is a Professor in Anthropology at Oakland University and an Associate at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University. She organized the first two symposia on gender research in historical archaeology at the Chacmool conference and the Society for Historical Archaeology conference in 1989, and subsequently published numerous book chapters, and articles in the following journals: Archaeologies, Historical Archaeology, International Journal of Historical Archaeology, Northeast Historical Archaeology, and the Landscape Journal.
In many facets of Western culture, including archaeology, there remains a legacy of perceiving gender divisions as natural, innate, and biological in origin. This belief follows that men are naturally pre-disposed to public, intellectual pursuits, while women are innately designed to care for the home and take care of children. In the interpretation of material culture, accepted notions of gender roles are often applied to new findings: the dichotomy between the domestic sphere of women and the public sphere of men can color interpretations of new materials. In this innovative volume, the contributors focus explicitly on analyzing the materiality of historic changes in the domestic sphere around the world. Combining a global scope with great temporal depth, chapters in the volume explore how gender ideologies, identities, relationships, power dynamics, and practices were materially changed in the past, thus showing how they could be changed in the future.
International scope studies changes in the domestic sphere on a global level
Challenges previously-held beliefs about historical gender roles
Provides methodology for conducting similar studies on material culture