Über den Autor
Nuno Bicho received his Ph.D. in Anthropology from Southern Methodist University in 1992. He is currently an Associate Professor of Archaeology at the Universidade do Algarve, Portugal. He was Dean between 1998 and 2001 and 2005-2007. In addition, Bicho is the Director of the Center of Archaeology and Paleoecology of the University (NAP) and a researcher at the Archaeological Research Center at the University of Lisbon (UNIARQ). He specializes in Paleolithic technology and his research focuses on prehistoric costal hunter-gatherers of southern Iberia.Jonathan Haws is an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Louisville. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research emphasizes a landscape approach to the Paleolithic occupation of central Portugal. Currently, he is directing a multidisciplinary project that includes a geoarchaeological survey of the Quaternary deposits of coastal Estremadura, Portugal, and the excavation of a multicomponent Upper Paleolithic cave site, Lapa do Picareiro. Loren Davis is an Associate Professor of Anthropology at Oregon State University. In addition, Davis is the Executive Director of the Keystone Archaeological Research Fund, and the Director of the Pacific Slope Archaeological Laboratory. He received his Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of Alberta. His research focuses on the Pleistocene prehistory and geoarchaeology of western North America, with particular emphasis on the Pacific Northwest and the Baja California peninsula.
Introduction. Trekking the shore, harvesting the sea: changing coastlines and the antiquity of coastal settlement. Nuno Bicho, Jonathan Haws and Loren G. Davis Part I: North America and EurasiaChapter 1. The North American Paleocoastal Concept Reconsidered. Loren Davis Chapter 2. Prehistoric Archaeology Underwater: A Nascent Subdiscipline Critical to Understanding Early Coastal Occupations and Migration Routes. Amy Gusick and Michael Faught Chapter 3. Early Environments and Archaeology of Coastal British Columbia. Quentin Mackie, Daryl Fedje, Duncan McLaren, Nicole Smith and Iain McKechnie Chapter 4. Blessing the Salmon: Archaeological Evidences of the Transition to Intensive Fishing in the Final Paleolithic, Maritime Region, Russian Far East. Andrei V. Tabarev Chapter 5. Early Technological Organization along the Eastern Pacific Rim of the New World: A co-continental view. Samuel C. Willis and Matthew Des Lauriers Chapter 6. Technology, mobility, and adaptation among early foragers of the southern Northwest Coast: The view from Indian Sands, southern Oregon coast, USA. Loren G. Davis and Samuel C. Willis Chapter 7. Of Clams and Clovis: Isla Cedros, Baja California, Mexico. Matt Des Lauriers Chapter 8. Changes in the molluscan exploitation patterns during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene in the eastern Cantabria (Spain). F. Igor Gutiérrez Zugasti Chapter 9. Paleolithic seascapes along the west coast of Portugal. Jonathan Haws, Caroline L. Funk, Michael B. Benedetti, Nuno F. Bicho, J. Michael Daniels, Thomas A. Minckley, Rhawn F. Denniston, Marjeta Jeraj, Juan F. Gibaja and Bryan S. Hockett Chapter 10. Small-game and marine resource exploitation by Neanderthals: The evidence from Gibraltar. Kimberly Brown, Darren A. Fa, Geraldine Finlayson and Clive Finlayson Chapter 11. Prying new meaning from limpet harvesting at Vale Boi during the Upper Paleolithic. Tiina Manne and Nuno Bicho Chapter 12. Surf and Turf: The use of marine and terrestrial resources in the Early Neolithic of costal southern Portugal. Rebecca Dean and António Carvalho Part II: South America, Africa and OceaniaChapter 13. Sea lions and human populations in Southern Patagonia, Sebastián Muñoz Chapter 14. The Use of the Space in Pampean Atlantic Coast (Argentina, South America): A Comparative View, Mariano Bonomo Chapter 15. Coastal Resources and the Early Holocene Las Vegas Adaptation of Ecuador. Karen Stothert Chapter 16. Initial investigations into the exploitation of coastal resources in North Africa during the Late Pleistocene at Grotte des Contrebandiers, Morocco. Teresa Steele and Esteban Álvarez-Fernández. Chapter 17. Shellfishing and the interpretation of shellfish sizes in the Middle and Later Stone Ages of South Africa. Judith Sealy and Mariagrazia Galimberti Chapter 18. Coastal South Africa and the co-evolution of the modern human lineage and coastal adaptations. Curtis W. Marean Chapter 19. Coastal Foragers on Southern Shores: Marine Resource Use in Northeast Australia since the Late Pleistocene. Sean Ulm Chapter 20. The role of marine resources in the diet of pre-colonial Aboriginal people and land use patterns around Port Jackson, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Val Attenbrow
Human settlement has often centered around coastal areas and waterways. Until recently, however, archaeologists believed that marine economies did not develop until the end of the Pleistocene, when the archaeological record begins to have evidence of marine life as part of the human diet. This has long been interpreted as a postglacial adaptation, due to the rise in sea level and subsequent decrease in terrestrial resources. Coastal resources, particularly mollusks, were viewed as fallback resources, which people resorted to only when terrestrial resources were scarce, included only as part of a more complex diet.
Recent research has significantly altered this understanding, known as the Broad Spectrum Revolution (BSR) model. The contributions to this volume revise the BSR model, with evidence that coastal resources were an important part of human economies and subsistence much earlier than previously thought, and even the main focus of diets for some Pleistocene and early Holocene hunter-gatherer societies.
With evidence from North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia, this volume comprehensively lends a new understanding to coastal settlement from the Middle Paleolithic to the Middle Holocene.
New evidence to expand the current Broad Spectrum Revolution modelContributions cover coastal regions from five continents in one volumeSynthesizes past decade of research on coastal settlement and resources in hunter-gatherer economies