Section I. Subfamily Orchidoideae (Part two)
Chapter 1. Subtribes Goodyrinae and Cranichidinae
Goodyera R. Brown (rattlesnake plantains)
Ponthieva R. Brown
Chapter 2. Subtribe Spiranthinae
Spiranthes Richard (ladies'- tresses)
Asexual species or populations
Sexual species or populations
Additional species of Spiranthes
Section II. Subfamily Epidendroideae
Chapter 3. Tribe Neottieae
Listera R. Brown
Listera cordata (L.) R. Brown (heart-leaved twayblade)
Additional species of Listera
Cephalanthera austinae (A. Gray) A. Heller (phantom orchid, snow orchid)
Epipactis gigantea Douglas ex Hooker (giant helleborine, stream orchid)
Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz (broad-leaved helleborine)
Additional species of Epipactis
Chapter 4. Tribe Triphoreae
Triphora trianthophora (Swartz) Rydberg (three birds orchid, nodding
Chapter 5. Tribe Malaxideae
Malaxis Solander ex Swartz
Malaxis paludosa (L.) Swartz (bog adder's-mouth)
(= Hammarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze)
Additional species of Malaxis
Liparis liliifolia (L.) Richard ex Lindley (lily-leaved twayblade or large
Liparis loeselii (L.) Richard (loesel's twayblade or fen orchid)
Chapter 6. Tribe Calypsoeae
Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes (calypso, fairy slipper)
Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nuttall (crane-fly orchid)
Corallorhiza Gagnebin (coral roots)
Additional species and varieties of Corallorhiza
Aplectrum hyemale (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall (adam and eve orchid,
Chapter 7. Tribes Cymbidieae and Epidendreae
Eulophia R. Brown ex Lindley
Chapter 8 Tribe Arethuseae ( Calopogon R. Brown and Arethusa L.) and subfamily Vanilloideae (part one) ( Pogonia Jussieu)
Arethusa bulbosa L. (dragon's-mouth), Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker
Gawler (rose pogonia), and Calopogon tuberosus (L.) Britton, Sterns, and
Additional species of Calopogon
Section III. Subfamily Vanilloideae (part two)
Chapter 9. Tribe Pogonieae
Isotria verticillata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Rafinesque (large whorled
pogonia) and I. medeoloides (Pursh) Rafinesque (small whorled pogonia)
Cleistesiopsis Pansarin and Barros
Cleistesiopsis divaricata (L.) Pansarin and Barros (spreading pogonia) and
C. bifaria (Fernald) Pansarin and Barros (smaller spreading pogonia)
Recent studies have revealed remarkable complexity and diversity in orchid-pollinator relationships. These studies comprise a vast literature currently scattered in numerous, often obscure, journals and books. The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids brings together, for the first time, a comprehensive treatment of this information for all native and introduced North American orchids found north of Mexico and Florida. It provides detailed information on genetic compatibility, breeding systems, pollinators, pollination mechanisms, fruiting success, and limiting factors for each species. Distribution, habitat, and floral morphology are also summarized. In addition, detailed line drawings emphasize orchid reproductive organs and their adaptation to known pollinators.
This, the second of two volumes, treats the subfamily Orchidoideae with the tribe Cranichideae. This is followed by examination of the seven North American tribes of subfamily Epidendroideae and the single North American tribe of subfamily Vanilloideae.
The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids will be of interest to both regional and international audiences including:Researchers and students in this field of study who are currently required to search through the scattered literature to obtain the information gathered here.
Researchers and students in related fields with an interest in the co-evolution of plants and insects.
Conservation specialists who need to understand both the details of orchid reproduction and the identity of primary pollinators in order to properly manage the land for both.
Orchid breeders who require accurate and current information on orchid breeding systems.
General readers with an interest in orchid biology.
Charles Argue, Ph.D., is a plant biologist at the University of Minnesota specializing in the study of pollen grains. His articles have appeared in numerous journals including the American Journal of Botany, International Journal of Plant Sciences (formerly Botanical Gazette), Botany (formerly Canadian Journal of Botany), Grana, Pollen et Spores, North American Native Orchid Journal, The Native Orchid Conference Journal, Fremontia, and as chapters in a number of books.
Volume 2 contains three parts, Orchidoideae subgroups, Spiranthinae, Goodyerinae, and Cranichidinae; Epidendroideae subgroups, the Neottieae, Triphoreae, Malaxideae, Calypsoeae, Cymbidieae, Epidendreae, and Arethuseae; and Vanilloideae tribe Pogonieae
Each part includes both an introductory section for each of the larger genera and a review of individual species within each genus
The treatment of species or groups of closely related species has the same format and consists of five parts