Chapter 1. Introduction
Section I. Subfamily Cypripedioideae (the slipper orchids)
Chapter 2. Cypripedium L. (the lady's-slippers), Introduction
Chapter 3. Section Acaulia
Cypripedium acaule Aiton (pink or stemless lady's-slipper)
Chapter 4. Section Obtusipetala
Cypripedium reginae Walter (showy lady's-slipper)
Cypripedium passerinum Richardson (sparrow's egg lady's-slipper)
Chapter 5. Section Cypripedium
Cypripedium parviflorum Salisbury (yellow lady's-slipper)
Cypripedium candidum Muhlenberg ex Willdenow (small white lady's-slipper)
Cypripedium montanum Douglas ex Lindley (mountain lady's-slipper)
Cypripedium kentuckiense C. F. Reed (ivory lady's-slipper, purloined slipper)
Chapter 6. Sections Arietinum and Enantiopetalum
Cypripedium arietinum R. Brown (ram's head lady's-slipper)
Cypripedium fasciculatum Kellogg ex S. Watson (clustered lady's-slipper)
Chapter 7. Sections Irapeana and Bifolia
Cypripedium californicum A. Gray (California lady's-slipper)
Cypripedium guttatum Swartz (spotted lady's-slipper) and Cypripedium
yatabeanum Makino (green moccasin-flower)
Section II. Subfamily Orchidoideae (Part one)
Chapter 8. Platanthera L., Introduction
Chapter 9. Limnorchis Group
Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindley ex L. C. Beck (tall white northern bog
orchid), P. aquilonis Sheviak (northern green orchid) , and P. huronensis
(Nuttall) Lindley (tall green bog orchid)
Platanthera stricta Lindley (slender bog orchid)
Platanthera sparsiflora (S. Watson) Schlechter (sparsely flowered bog orchid)
Other species of the Limnorchis Group
Chapter 10. Platanthera Group
Platanthera obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Lindley (blunt-leaved rein orchis)
Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindley (large round-leaved orchid) and
P. macrophylla (Goldie) P. M. Brown (goldie's round-leaved orchid)
Other species of the Platanthera Group
Chapter 11. Lacera Group
Platanthera peramoena A. Gray (purple fringeless orchid)
Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindley (small-flowered purple-fringed orchid),
P. grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindley (large-flowered purple-fringed orchid), and
P. lacera (Michaux) G. Don (ragged fringed orchid)
Platanthera praeclara Sheviak and Bowles (western prairie fringed orchid)
and P. leucophaea (Nuttall) Lindley (eastern prairie fringed orchid)
Chapter 12. Blephariglottis Group
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindley (yellow-fringed orchid) and P. blephariglottis
(Willdenow) Lindley (white-fringed orchid)
Other yellow-fringed orchids
Platanthera integrilabia (Correll) Luer (monkey-face orchid)
Platanthera clavellata (Michaux) Luer (little club-spur orchid)
Other possible members of the Blephariglottis Group
Chapter 13. Platantheras of unknown alignment
Platanthera flava (L.) Lindley (tubercled-orchid)
Platanthera chorisiana (Chamisso) Reichenbach (chamisso's orchid)
Chapter 14. Other Orchideae
Dactylorhiza Necker ex Nevski
Gymnadenia R. Brown
Recent studies have revealed remarkable complexity and diversity in orchid-pollinator relationships. These studies comprise a vast literature currently scattered in numerous, often obscure, journals and books. The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids brings together, for the first time, a comprehensive treatment of this information for all native and introduced North American orchids found north of Mexico and Florida. It provides detailed information on genetic compatibility, breeding systems, pollinators, pollination mechanisms, fruiting success, and limiting factors for each species. Distribution, habitat, and floral morphology are also summarized. In addition, detailed line drawings emphasize orchid reproductive organs and their adaptation to known pollinators.
This, the first of two volumes, furnishes a brief introduction to the general morphology of the orchid flower and the terminology used to describe orchid breeding systems and reproductive strategies. It treats the lady's-slippers of genus Cypripedium, subfamily Cypripedioideae, and nine genera of the subfamily Orchidoideae, including the diverse rein orchids of genus Platanthera.
The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids will be of interest to both regional and international audiences including:Researchers and students in this field of study who are currently required to search through the scattered literature to obtain the information gathered here.
Researchers and students in related fields with an interest in the co-evolution of plants and insects.
Conservation specialists who need to understand both the details of orchid reproduction and the identity of primary pollinators in order to properly manage the land for both.
Orchid breeders who require accurate and current information on orchid breeding systems.
General readers with an interest in orchid biology.
Charles Argue, Ph.D., is a plant biologist at the University of Minnesota specializing in the study of pollen grains. His articles have appeared in numerous journals including the American Journal of Botany, International Journal of Plant Sciences (formerly Botanical Gazette), Botany (formerly Canadian Journal of Botany), Grana, Pollen et Spores, North American Native Orchid Journal, The Native Orchid Conference Journal, Fremontia, and as chapters in a number of books.
Comprehensive treatment of the reproductive biology of North American orchids
Collects and reviews this information for all orchid species in North America north of Florida and Mexico
Provides a long-term base of reference