This is the first volume to treat exclusively an ubiquitous feature of ocean circulation - the poleward currents and undercurrents that occur along eastern boundaries of all major ocean basins. By comparing coastal current data from different regions the authors show that poleward transport along eastern boundaries is an important part of the basinwide budgets of heat, salt, and freshwater. In essence, the book documents that the success of upcoming global ocean circulation experiments must account for these poleword transports. Specifically, by defining of global-scale kinematic and dynamic characteristics of these flows, the book supplies the parameters for the design of field experiments in eastern ocean sectors.
I. Workshop Summaries.- Workshop Summary: Poleward Flow-Observational and Theoretical Issues.- Poleward Flows Along Eastern Ocean Boundaries: An Introduction and Historical Review.- Theoretical Understanding of Eastern Ocean Boundary Poleward Undercurrents.- Poleward Flow Along Eastern Boundaries: What Next?.- II. Geographical Reports: Atlantic Ocean.- The Baroclinic Circulation of the West Spitsbergen Current.- A Brief Sketch of Poleward Flows at the Eastern Boundary of the North Atlantic.- On the Northeast Atlantic Slope Current.- The Poleward Undercurrent on the Eastern Boundary of the Subtropical North Atlantic.- The Subsurface Circulation Along the Moroccan Slope.- Poleward Motion in the Benguela Area.- II. Geographical Reports: Pacific Ocean.- Observations of the Low-Frequency Circulation off the West Coast of British Columbia, Canada.- Poleward Flow in the California Current System.- Poleward Flow Near the Northern and Southern Boundaries of the U.S. West Coast.- Poleward Flows off Mexico's Pacific Coast.- An Overview of the Poleward Undercurrent and Upwelling Along the Chilean Coast.- II. Geographical Reports: Indian Ocean.- The Leeuwin Current.- III. Special Topics.- An Application of Turbulence Data to the California Undercurrent.- Model Simulations of a Coastal Jet and Undercurrent in the Presence of Eddies and Jets in the California Current System.- Do Nitrogen Transformations in the Poleward Undercurrent off Peru and Chile Have a Globally Significant Influence?.- Topographic Stress in Coastal Circulation Dynamics.- IV. Epilogue.- V. References.- Appendix A: List of Participants.
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