The International Statistical Institute was founded in 1885 and is therefore one of the world's oldest international scientific societies. The field of statistics is still expanding rapidly and possesses a rich variety of applications in many areas of human activity such as science, government, business, industry, and everyday affairs. In consequence, the celebration of the Institute's centenary in 1985 is of considerable interest not only to statisticians but also more widely to the international scientific community. As part of its centennial celebration planning the Institute decided to publish a volume of papers representing the immensely wide range of interests encompassed by statistics in its international context, viewed both from a historical and from a contemporary standpoint. We were fortunate in securing the services of Anthony Atkinson and Stephen Fienberg as Editors of this volume: they have worked hard over a period of several years to put together a most fascinating collection of papers. On behalf of the Institute it is my pleasant duty to thank them and the authors for their contributions. J. DURBIN, President International Statistical Institute Preface The papers in this volume were prepared to help celebrate the centenary of the International Statistical Institute. During the lSI's first 100 years statistics has matured, both as a scientific discipline and as a profession, in ways that the lSI's founders could not possibly have imagined.
1. Prediction and Entropy.- 2. Statistical Developments in World War II: An International Perspective.- 3. Statistics in the United Kingdom, 1939-45.- 4. The Fascination of Sand.- 5. International Trends in Official Statistics.- 6. Cohort Analysis in Epidemiology.- 7. Psychiatric Statistics.- 8. Mathematical Models for Infectious Disease Statistics.- 9. Evolutionary Origins of Statisticians and Statistics.- 10. Statistical Computing: What's Past Is Prologue.- 11. Conditional Econometric Modeling: An Application to New House Prices in the United Kingdom.- 12. Large-Scale Social Experimentation in the United States.- 13. The Development of Sample Surveys of Finite Populations.- 14. On Some New Probabilistic Developments of Significance to Statistics: Martingales, Long Range Dependence, Fractals, and Random Fields.- 15. Concepts of Robustness.- 16. Robust Estimators of Location and Their Second-Order Asymptotic Relations.- 17. Mathematical Statistics in the Humanities, and Some Related Problems in Astronomy.- 18. Reflections on the World Fertility Survey.- 19. Economic and Social Statistics for Comparative Assessments.- 20. An Introduction to the Optimum Design of Experiments.- 21. Experimental Design in Russian Practice.- 22. Agricultural Experimentation in a Developing Country.- 23. On the Statistical Analysis of Floods.- 24. Weighted Distributions Arising Out of Methods of Ascertainment: What Population Does a Sample Represent?.- 25. Statistical Problems in Crop Forecasting.- Author Index.
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