Contributors. Preface. Reviewers. Where are We?- Resources at the brink. Part I. Introduction to a complex problem: Introduction to a complex problem; Old traditions that led to abuses of salmon and their ecosystems; The origin and speciation of Oncorhynchus revisited. Part II.Status of Pacific Northwest Salmonids: Pacific salmon status and trends- a coastwide perspective; Analyzing trends and variability- On the nature of data and their role in salmon conservation; Information on requirements for salmon management; Evaluating salmon management institutions: the importance of performance measures, temporal scales, and production cycles. Regional trends- California salmon and steelhead: beyond the crossroads; Idaho's salmon: can we count every last one?; Status of wild salmon and steelhead stocks in Washington state; The status of salmon and steelhead in Oregon; Status of Alaska salmon; Pacific salmon abundance trends in the Fraser river watershed compared with other British Columbia systems. Factors contributing to stock declines- Genetic factors contributing to declines of Anadromous salmonids in the Pacific northwest; The role of competition and predation in the decline of the pacific salmon and steelhead; Degradation and loss of Anadromous salmonoid habitat in the Pacific northwest; The role harvest management in the future of Pacific salmon populations: shaping human behavior to enable the persistence of salmon; Salmon production in changing ocean domains. Part three: Salmon policies and politics: Salmon Fisheries in the Pacific northwest: how are harvest management decisions made?; Habitat policy for salomon in the Pacific northwest; Water management and water quality decision making in the range of Pacific salmon habitat; A resource in crisis: changing the measure of salmon management. Part IV: Technological solutions: cost-effective restoration: Watershed management and Pacific salmon: desired future conditions; Restoration of Riparian and aquatic systems for improved fisheries habitat in the upper Columbian basin; Rehabilitation for Pacific salmon in their ecosystems: what can artificial propagation contribute?; Managing resources with incomplete information: making the best of a bad situation; Is ecological risk assessment useful for resolving complex ecological problems?; An ecosystem-based approach to management of salmon and steelhead habitat. Part V: Institutional solutions: Effective long-term planning management: Do we need institutional change?; To till the water: a history of ideas in fisheries conservation; Values in the valuing of salmon; Organizational systems and the burden of proof; Salmon, stewardship, and human values: the challenge of intergration; Part VI:Where do we go from here?: Where do we go from here? An outsider's view; Sustaining salmon: three principles. are habitat management decisions made?; How are water management and water quality decisions made?; How are hatchery decisions made?; Overview of performance measures; How does this information help us and do these decisions influence salmon populations?; Part four: Technologial Solutions: cost-effective restoration: Desired future conditions and freshwater habitat restoration; Role of hatcheries and other supplementation programs; New approaches to water management; Managing resources with incomplete information: making the best of a bad situation; Ecological risk assessment: protecting Northwest anadromous salmonid stocks; An ecosystem-based approach to management of salmon steelhead habitat; Part Five: Institutional solutions: effective long-term planning and management: Philosophical basis of values: economic versus ecological perspectives; Organizational systems and the burden of proof; Ecosystem planning: what does this mean?
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