Preface. 1. Introduction. Part I: Conceptualizing Research Joint Ventures. 2. Research Joint Ventures: Conceptual Foundations - Practical Implications. 3. The Theory of Inter-Firm Cooperation in R&D. 4. The Process of Technological Innovation. Part II: Empirical Analysis of Research Joint Ventures. 5. Research Joint Ventures in the United States. 6. Incentives to Form Research Joint Ventures I. 7. The Effect of Research Joint Ventures on R&D. 8. The Effect of Research Joint Ventures on Profits. 9. Incentives to Form Research Joint Ventures II: Virtual Diversification. Part III: Policy Challenges of Research Joint Ventures. 10. With an Eye on Policy. 11. Conclusion. Bibliography. Subject Index. Name Index.
Cooperation in Research and Development provides an empirical and theoretical analysis of a distinct form of inter-firm collaboration in Research & Development (R&D): research joint ventures (RJVs). Of all types of cooperation, RJVs have received the most attention in both formal industrial organization and science and technology policy literature. The emerging theoretical economic literature on incentives of firms to join RJVs has not been followed by much empirical work. Cooperation in Research and Development attempts to fill the void caused by this lack of consistent data on the rate of RJV formation, RJV characteristics, and RJV member characteristics.
Significant attention is paid to the role of RJVs in facilitating `virtual' firm diversification as necessary to pursue particular technological objectives. An effort is also made to blend the reported theoretical and empirical analyses with conceptual models of the process of technological innovation and models of industrial evolution in order to provide answers beyond the reach of the received economic theory. Cooperation in Research and Development should be of interest to academic economists, policy makers, and business representatives. The microeconomic issues the book deals with overlap significantly with the interests of decision makers both in government and business.
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