Phospholipases A2: Brain Phospholipases and their Role in Signal Transduction; A.A. Farooqui, et al. Cell Signaling and Essential Fatty Acids: Reciprocal Regulation of Fatty Acid Release in the Brain by GABA and Glutamate; D.L. Birkle Metabolites of Essential Fatty Acids and Other MembraneDerived Second Messengers in Cell Signaling: A Role for the Arachidonic Acid Cascade in Fast Synaptic Modulation A. Volterra, et al. Dietary Supply of Essential Fatty Acids, Synaptogenesis, and Photoreceptor Biogenesis: Network of Signal Transduction Pathways Involving Lipids; R. Bell et al. Essential Fatty Acids, Excitable Membrane Phospholipids, and Pathophysiology: Conservation of Docosahexaenoic Acid in the Retina; R.E. Anderson, et al. Essential Fatty Acids and Excitable Membrane Phospholipids: Disposition Kinetics of Phospholipid Liposomes; P. Palatini 32 additional articles. Index.
It is increasingly evident that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), which in the past were often believed to be mere components of cellular membranes of neural tissue, are actually major determinants of the functional properties of neural cells and are intimately involved in brain disease processes. The two families of PUF A, which are derived from the essential polyenes, linoleic (18:26) and a-linolenic (18:33) acids, constitute a major proportion (-30%) of the total fatty acids esterified to brain phospholipids. Each family is distributed in membranes in a highly specific manner with respect to brain region, cell type, and position within each of the phosphoglycerides. Unlike their behavior in other organs, the PUF A components of brain turn over slowly and are relatively resistant to dietary modification. Their unique distribution and stability suggest that they play an important role in determining the functional properties of neural cells. However, until recently very little was known regarding the precise nature of their involvement.
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