Drought is an insidious hazard of nature. It originates from a deficiency of precipitation that results in a water shortage for some activity or some group. Africa has suffered the most dramatic impacts from drought during the past several decades the recent droughts in the southern and eastern portions of the continent are testimony to that fact. However, the vulnerability of all nations to extended periods of water shortage has been underscored again and again during this same time period. In the past decade alone, droughts have occurred with considerable frequency and severity in most of the developed and developing world. Significant parts of North and South America, Australia, Europe, and Asia have been plagued recently by extended periods of severe drought, often resulting in far-reaching economic, social, and environmental consequences. In the western United States, for example, vast areas are facing the prospects of a sixth or seventh consecutive year of drought in 1993. Concern by members ofthe scientific and policy communities about the inability of governments to respond in an effective and timely manner to drought and its associated impacts exists worldwide. Numerous "calls for action" for improved drought planning and management have been issued by national governments, professional organizations, intergovernmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and others. The United Nations' International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (lDNDR) is yet another example of an international call for action to reduce the impacts that result from drought and other natural hazards.
Preface. Part One: Theory. 1. The Enigma of Drought; D.A. Wilhite. 2. Monitoring Regional Drought Conditions; K.G. Hubbard. 3. The Role of NOAA Satellite Data in Drought Early Warning and Monitoring: Selected Case Studies; G.E. Johnson, V. Rao Achutuni, S. Thiruvengadachari, F. Kogan. 4. Assessing the Regional Consequences of Drought: Putting the MINK Methodology to Work on Today's Problems; W.E. Easterling. 5. Agricultural Drought Management Strategies to Alleviate Impacts: Examples from the Arid and Subhumid Regions of the Indian Subcontinent; A.S.R.A.S. Sastri. 6. Planning for Drought: a Methodology; D.A. Wilhite. 7. Implications of Global Warming for Climate Variability and the Occurrence of Extreme Climate Events; L.O. Mearns. Part Two: Case Studies. 8. Drought Risk and Water Management in Israel: Planning for the Future; H.J. Bruins. 9. Indian Drought Management: from Vulnerability to Resilience; A.R. Subbiah. 10. Drought and Policy Responses in the Brazilian Northeast; A. Rocha Magalhães. 11. Drought Policy in the Republic of South Africa; J.J. Bruwer. 12. Drought in Australia: Prediction, Monitoring, Management, and Policy; D. White, D. Collins, M. Howden. 13. Drought Mitigation in the United States: Progress by State Government; D.A. Wilhite, S.L. Rhodes. 14. Institutional Responses to the 1987-92 California Drought; J. Rich. 15. Drought in China: Present Impacts and Future Needs; Kerang Li, Xianchao Lin. Index.
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