I. Attribution and Social Judgment.- The Development of Attribution Processes.- Children's Use of Environmental Cues.- Abstract Principles.- Content-Specific Knowledge.- The Myth of the Adult Ideal.- Conclusions.- 2. Peer Perceptions, Aggression, and the Development of Peer Relations.- Aggression and Peer Relations.- Aggression and Social Cognition.- Speculations on the Etiology of Cognitive Biases and Deficits.- Summary.- 3. Applications of Information Integration to Children's Social Cognitions.- Moral Concepts.- Achievement-Related Concepts.- Other Potential Applications.- Why a Formal Theory of Social Judgment?.- Summary.- II. Moral Development and a Sense of Self.- 4. Consistency Between Cognitions and Behavior: Cause and Consequence of Cognitive Moral Development.- Consistency as a Consequence of Moral Development.- Inconsistency as a Cause of Moral Development.- Concluding Comments.- 5. Contextual Influences on Sociomoral Judgment and Action.- The Measurement Context.- A Contextual Model of Sociomoral Phenomena.- Summary and Conclusions.- 6. Integrative Themes in Social and Developmental Theories of Self.- Information Processing and the Self.- Objective Self-Awareness.- Self-Awareness, the Totalitarian Ego, and Selman's Structural Developmentalism.- Summary and Conclusions.- III. Social Influences on Cognitive Development.- 7. Real-World Knowledge as the Basis for Social and Cognitive Development.- Scripts: Definition and General Characteristics.- The Nature of Children's Scripts.- Scripts as Facilitators of Cognitive, Linguistic, and Social Development.- Conclusion.- Summary.- 8. Peer Influences on Cognitive Development.- Student-Only Learning Programs.- Theories of Peer Influences on Cognitive Development.- Piaget.- Vygotsky's Theory of Genesis of Higher Psychological Functions.- Limitations to Accounts of Peer Influences on Cognitive Growth.- Future Directions.- Summary.- Author Index.
One of the more promising recent developments in the study of social cognition has been the cross-pollination of ideas from the fields of developmental and social psychology. Many social psychologists have come to the conclusion that a complete account of social cognitive phenomena must include not (l!1ly detailed analyses of those processes in their adult form but also an understanding of their origins and development in children. Likewise, in the last ten years psychologists involved in social developmental research have shown an increasing interest in theories and research generated in the adult social cognition literature. Surely among the more important cognitive phenomena to be studied in social development are those that are related to psychological processes in later life. This approaching integration of adult and developmental social psychology is long overdue and promises benefits to research in both disciplines. The goal of this volume is to move the fields toward this synthesis. For this reason, we have put together a collection of original essays by authors who are among the more prominent new researchers in this movement. In selecting topics we have tried to cover areas of recent social cognition research that are of interest to both developmental and adult social psychologists. This volume is divided into three general sections: (1) Attribution and Social Judgment, (2) Moral Development and a Sense of Self, and (3) Social Influences on Cognitive Development.
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