This work has the aim of making facet theory, and the approach to research which derives from it, more accessible to behavioral and social scientists than has been possible in the past. In a first section the book gives the background to the theory and associated methods of analysis, illustrating the major components of the ap proach in use. A second section then provides detailed examples of the applications of the facet approach in developmental, clinical, and environmental psychology, as well as in studies of attitudes and mental performance. The third section provides some further technical details on recent developments in the facet approach as well as a computer program listing. The facet approach to social and behavioral research can be traced at least to the late 1940s (as discussed by Gratch, 1973) and the logical principles on which it is based have clear roots in Descartes' algebra and Fisher's experimental designs.
1. Editor's Introduction: The Road to Jerusalem.- Beyond Statistics.- A Special Science.- Cumulative Scales.- A Meeting in Japan.- It Works.- The Hidden College.- Contributing to Practical Action.- I. Concept and Theory of Facets.- 2. An Introduction to the Uses of Facet Theory.- Definitional Framework.- Empirical Structures.- Theoretical Correspondence.- Some Concluding Observations.- 3. Lawful Roles of Facets in Social Theories.- First Laws of Intercorrelations.- Roles of Content Facets in Regional Hypotheses.- Regional Theories: The Three-Dimensional Cylindrical (or Conical) Structures of Intelligence, Adjustive Behavior, and Political Involvement.- The Multiple Roles of the Modality Facet.- Further Examples of Ordered Facets and Their Roles.- 4. Nonmetric Multivariate Models for Behavioral Action Systems.- Integration of Systemic Concepts with Nonmetric Models for Identifying Scientific Lawfulness.- Conceptual Framework for Action Systems.- The Polarization of Action Systems.- The Structure of the Conceptual Relationships Among the Functioning Modes of an Action System.- Structural Aspects of the Empirical Relationships Among the Functioning Modes of an Action System.- Empirical Testing of the Hypotheses Concerning the Functioning Structures of Action Systems.- The Theoretical and Practical Implications of the Study Findings.- II. Illustrations and Applications of the Facet Approach.- 5. Some Uses of the Facet Approach in Child Development.- A Facet Theory of Child Development.- Types of Behavioral Functioning in the Infant Alone.- Behavioral Interaction of the Infant with Mother.- Factors Influencing Child Development.- Examination of Individual Cases.- Summary.- 6. The Cylindrex of Place Evaluation.- Building Evaluation: Principle Criticisms.- Purposive Model of Evaluation.- Facets of Evaluation.- The General Mapping Sentence for Evaluation.- Cylindrex: The Empirical Structure of the GMS.- Empirical Studies of the Purposive Model of Evaluation.- Three Empirical Studies.- Comparison of Facet Elements and Their Resultant Empirical Structure.- The Future of the GMS.- Finding the Cylindrex.- The Significance of the Cylindrex.- Conclusion.- 7. A Faceted Cross-Cultural Analysis of Some Core Social Values.- Definition of the Concept "Value" as a Special Case of "Attitude".- The Institutional Framework.- The Population Frame.- The Definitional Frame.- The Interrelations Among the "Fundamental Problem" Values.- The Radex Structure of the "Fundamental Problem" Value.- Modification of the Mapping Sentence for "Fundamental Problem" Values.- 8. On the Multidimensional Structure of Self-Esteem: Facet Analysis of Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale.- Purpose.- Development and Former Assessment of Rosenberg's Scale.- Facet-Analytic Approach.- Data Analysis and Results.- Summary.- 9. Replication of Guttman's Structure of Intelligence.- The Facet Approach.- Discussion.- 10. Reasons for Slimming and Weight Loss.- Derivation of the Mapping Sentence.- The Research Instrument.- Subjects.- Results.- Discussion.- Implications.- Appendix: Questionnaire Items.- III. Methodological Developments.- 11. How to Be a Facet Researcher.- Stage 1: Establishing a Preliminary Mapping Sentence.- Stage 2: Preliminary SSA.- Stage 3: Main SSA.- Stage 4: Variations in Background Facets-MSA.- Appendix: A Computer Program to Generate Structuples.- 12. Partial-Order Scalogram Analysis by Base Coordinates and Lattice Mapping of the Items by Their Scalogram Roles.- Partial-Order Scalogram Analysis: Ordinal Factor Analysis.- Lattice Space Analysis: The Spatial Mapping of Items by Their Scalogram Properties.- POSAC/LSA: Mathematical Description of the Program Algorithm for m = 2.- The POSAC/LSA Program: Use and Interpretation.- Author Index.
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