tion addressed by this analysis centers on the reciprocal relation between 1 household domestic and market work efforts. It should be obvious by now that this chapter is not concerned ex plicitly with the contributions of individual members to household or mar ket activity, nor does it examine the mechanisms by which work tasks or time is apportioned among them. To reiterate, households per se are the unit of analysis; the division of labor within, with respect to either household or market activities, is ignored. In this chapter, one must pre tend that the social relations within the household productive unit, which critically shape both the nature of work and its allocation, are hidden from view. To return to the earlier metaphor, households establish a to tal household "pie," made up of all the market and domestic chores that they will undertake and the time required for them. Only after that "pie" is created can it be sliced and the pieces doled out to individual members. 2 The household and market pie defined and described here can be roughly conceptualized as the total productive capacity of the household, or as the result of a pooling of individual talents and resources. Indeed, were a measure of the time available for leisure incorporated into the measure of the pie, the household's full income (budget) constraint (i. e. , the total productive potential of the household) could be described.
1. Conceptualizing the Division of Household Labor.- Who Does What: Some Empirical Generalizations.- Traditional Conceptual Frameworks: Two Examples.- The New Home Economics: Reluctant Materialism.- An Overview of the Analysis.- 2. Measuring Household and Market Labors.- and Background.- The Measurement of Household Labor.- The Measurement of Market Labor Time.- Household and Market Work: Endogenous Variables.- 3. Sample Characteristics and Initial Description.- The Sample.- Household Members' Market Time and Household Labor.- Additional Measures of the Division of Labor.- Conclusions.- 4. The Household "Pie": Market Time Household Tasks, and Household Time.- Describing the Household "Pie".- Model Specification.- Model 1: Market Time and Household Tasks.- Model 2: The Minutes per day of Market and Household Labor.- Overview and Conclusions: The Household "Pie".- 5. Dividing It Up: The Mechanisms of Asymmetry.- The Model.- Slicing the "Pie".- Conclusiond: a "Gendered" Allocation System.- 6. Wives' Time: Another View.- A Partial Model.- Findings and Discussion.- Conclusions and Speculations.- 7. Conclusions: Work and Gender.- and Reprise.- Managing the Division of Labor: Consensus and Equity.- The Structures of Household Labor.- Mechanisms of Choice and Constraint.- A Final Note on Change.- References.- Appendix A: Diary Instructions.- Appendix B: Household Work Study.- Appendix C: Content of Household Work-Tasks Codes.- Appendix D: Household Activities Sorted by Husbands in Order of Accomplishment.
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