1 Head Injury.- Types of Head Injury.- Coup and Contrecoup Effects in Closed Head Injury.- Shearing/Tearing Effects.- Medical Complications Producing Focal Damage in Closed Head Injury: Hematomas.- Prognostic Factors: Coma and Post-Traumatic Amnesia.- Conclusions.- Case 1: Closed Head Injury Implicating Frontal Dysfunction.- Case 2: Open Head Injury Associated with Frontal Lobe Dysfunction.- Case 3: Open Head Injury Associated with Frontal Lobe Dysfunction.- Case 4: Closed Head Injury Associated with Multiple Cognitive Deficits.- Commentary on Head Injury Cases.- 2 Cerebrovascular Disease.- Case 1: Bilateral Occipitotemporal Hemorrhage.- Case 2: Wernicke's Aphasia.- Case 3: Multiple CVAs.- Case 4: Right Hemisphere CVA.- Commentary on Cerebrovascular Disease Cases.- 3 Dementia.- Neurospsychology and Normal Aging.- Pathologic Aging: Dementia.- Acute Confusional State.- Cortical Dementias.- Alzheimer's Disease.- Pick's Disease.- Subcortical Dementias.- Mixed Dementias and Multi-Infarct Dementia.- The Dementia Syndrome of Depression.- Summary.- Case 1: Basal Ganglia Calcification Producing Subcortical Dementia.- Case 2: Progressive Dementing Disorder.- Case 3: Multi-Infarct Dementia.- Commentary on Dementia Cases.- 4 Epilepsy.- Intellectual Scores.- Neuropsychological Findings.- Effects of Anticonvulsant Medication.- Pseudoseizures.- Prediction of Future Functioning.- Personality Functioning.- Summary.- Case 1: Seizures Associated with Tuberous Sclerosis.- Case 2: Severe Seizure Disorder with Marked Cognitive Deterioration.- Case 3: Seizure Disorder Associated with Psychosis.- Commentary on Epilepsy Cases.- 5 Brain Tumors, Cysts, and Abscesses.- Case 1: Third Ventricle Tumor.- Case 2: Right Parietal Osteoma.- Case 3: Bilateral Frontal Cysts.- Commentary on Brain Tumor Cases.- 6 Long-Term Alcohol Abuse.- Neuropsychological Sequelae of the Early and Middle Phases of Alcohol Abuse.- Korsakoff's Disease.- Alcohol Dementia.- Summary.- Case 1: Chronic Alcohol Abuse.- Case 2: Documented Intellectual Decline Following Chronic Alcohol Abuse: A Probable Alcohol Dementia.- Case 3: Korsakoff's Syndrome.- Commentary on Alcohol-Abuse Cases.- 7 Adult Presentation of Learning Disorders.- Differential Diagnosis.- Adult Presentation.- General Cognitive Pattern of Learning Disorders in Adults.- Specific Neuropsychological Functioning.- Summary.- Case 1: Residual Signs of a Developmental Learning Disorder.- Case 2: Residual Signs of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.- Case 3: Residual Learning Disorder with Compensation.- Commentary on Learning Disorder Cases.- 8 Conscious or Nonconscious Feigning of Deficits.- Neuropsychological Literature on Feigning of Cognitive Deficits.- Test Procedures Designed to Detect Malingering.- A Note of Caution.- Summary.- Case 1: Malingering.- Case 2: Psychological Factors Affecting Physical Condition.- Case 3: Probable Somatization Disorder.- Commentary on Feigning of Deficits Cases.- Author Index.
The Neuropsychology Casebook was developed to fill the existing gap in the cur rent body of literature on clinical neuropsychology. Although texts are available that describe neuropsychological tests and others provide information on syn dromes, this volume provides descriptions of neuropsychological test perform ance for individuals with various syndromes. It was designed to illustrate the process of clinical interpretation of test findings and report writing for the individual case. Our aims are to provide both the student and practicing profes sional with a collection of actual neuropsychological case studies that typify many of the cardinal disorders or syndromes frequently seen by practicing clini cal neuropsychologists. We have not provided an exhaustive survey of case studies representing many of the disorders commonly seen in neuropsychology; rather, we have focused on a few select cases that illustrate some of the more common disorders. This book includes detailed case reports complete with referral questions, historical information, relevant neuroradiological findings, actual neuropsycho logical test data, and clinical interpretations that take into account all available information on the patient. The cases are discussed in the chapter commentaries with reference to how each compares and contrasts with the prototypic case for that disorder or syndrome. Such case studies help to highlight the various types of behavioral and cognitive sequelae associated with common clinical disorders. The case studies, which are examined through an hypothesis-testing approach, are also aimed at demonstrating how neuropsychological principles and methods are applied.
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