1. Introduction: The New Profession of Environmental Management.- Justification for This New Profession in Industrialized Countries.- Justification for This New Profession in Canada.- Justification for This New Profession in the United States.- Justification for This New Profession in Developing Nations.- Definitions of Titles Used in the Environmental Field.- Professional Integration and Interaction.- Distinction Between the Ecologist and the Environmental Manager.- Distinctions Between the Environmental Manager and the Agrologist, Forester, Wildlife Manager, and Physical Geographer.- Distinctions Between the Environmental Manager and the Environmental Engineer, Landscape Architect, Environmental Planner, and Environmental Lawyer.- Organization of This Book.- 2. Philosophical, Ethical, and Technical Principles for Environmental Management.- Philosophical Principles.- Moral and Ethical Perspectives.- Technical Principles for Environmental Management.- 3. The Conceptual Basis for Environmental Management.- Definition of Environment.- Definition of Ecosystem.- Landscape Classification and Scale.- Landscape Evolution.- Ecoplanning Phase.- Urban and Regional Development Mode.- New-Facility Mode.- Old-Facility Decommissioning Mode.- Environmental Protection Phase.- Government Policy Formulation Mode.- Urban and Regional Government Mode.- Corporate Facility Operation Mode.- Comparison of Ecoplanning and Protection Approaches.- Conceptual Anomalies and Research Needs.- 4. Organization and Development of a Private Practice in Environmental Management.- Various Discipline Backgrounds of Principals in the Firm.- Legal Arrangements.- Scope of Services Between an Environmental Science-Based Firm and Other Professional Firms.- Discipline Linkages Between Environmental Sciences and Social Sciences.- Critical Path Analysis and Achieving Integration of Disciplines.- The Role of the Communications Specialist.- Regional Aspects of Environmental Management Practice.- The Environmental Impact Statement as It Relates to Environmental Practice.- 5. Operation of an Environmental Management Practice.- Contacting Clients.- Preparing Proposals.- Organizing the Team Effort and Project Management.- Determining the Appropriate Methodology and Scale of Detail.- Soil and Topographic Surveys.- Vegetation Mapping Surveys.- Wildlife Survey Level of Detail.- Fisheries Surveys.- Water Quality Surveys.- Valley Land Surveys.- Timing and Seasonal Aspects of Field Surveys.- Phasing of the Work.- Social Science Surveys.- Ensuring Confidentiality.- Ensuring Credibility.- Legal Liability.- Preparing for Public and Judicial Hearings.- Establishing Fees.- Determining Cash Flow.- 6. Report Preparation and Presentation.- Expanded Role of the Communications Specialist.- Timing.- Text Organization.- Graphics for Reports.- Graphics for Public Presentation.- Report Production.- Costs of Report Preparation.- Costs of Report Presentation to Hearings and Public Presentations.- 7. Savings from and Costs of Environmental Management.- Costs and Savings-Conceptual Issues.- Corporate Facility Operation Mode.- Examples of Potential Savings Derived from Specific Ecoplanning Studies.- New-Facility Development Mode.- New Town Planning in Ontario: Erin Mills and Townsend.- Examples of Costs and Savings from Environmental Protection Activities.- Cost and Benefits for the Urban and Regional Operation Mode.- Costs and Benefits for New-Facility Development Mode.- Costs and Benefits for Facility Operation Mode.- Costs and Benefits for Old-Facility Decommissioning Mode.- Summary of Costs and Benefits of Ecosystem Analysis.- Cost of Ecoplanning Analysis as a Proportion of Total Planning Costs.- Costs of Ecoplanning and Protection as a Proportion of Total Construction Costs.- Technical Information Agreement.- 8. Professionalization: Reality and Prospects.- Education and Training for the Environmental Management Professional.- The Market for Environmental Management Expertise.- The Next 15 Years-Planning the Unfinished Landscape.- Afterword by Lawrence Haworth.- Appendix: Developing a Professional Association-The Ontario Society for Environmental Management.
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