1 An Introduction to the Psychology of the Explainer.- 2 The Transition from Lacking Perspective-Taking into Theory.- 3 The Zero-Variable Theory.- 4 The Formulation of the Zero-Variable Theory.- 5 The Classification Device.- 6 Reducing the Human to a Categorized Empirical Essence.- 7 Proving the Uniqueness of One's Own Categories.- 8 Replacing Hypothesis-Testing with "External Validity".- 9 Frequency, Power, and Accounting for All of the Variance.- 10 Suppressing Alternative Explanations.- 11 Categories: The Good and the Bad.- 12 Directions of Development for the Zero-Variable Theory.- 13 Is the General Direction of Theoretical Development Downhill?.- 14 Bringing Psychologists to Study Individual Differences: A Stumbling Block in the Culture.- References.
In Zero-Variable Theories, Dr. Robert Wicklund invites the reader to consider the psychological perspective of the "explainer". In examining the over-simplifications that have become dominant in modern psychology, the author points to such factors as competition with other explainers and pressure to offer and promulgate a unique explanation. The explainer is characterized as equating theory with simple, fixed categories, and as defending those categories as one would defend a personal territory, fending off competing explainers through mis-use of statistical devices. The end result is the formulation of theories that neglect the perspectives of those whose behaviors are to be explained, and which simultaneously exclude psychological variables.
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