I Evolving Approaches.- 1. Scope and Concepts of Landscape Ecology as an Emerging Science.- 2. The History of Landscape Ecology in Europe.- 3. The Beginnings of Landscape Ecology in America.- II Energy, Nutrient, and Species Fluxes in a Mosaic.- 4. Landscape Pattern and Its Effects on Energy and Nutrient Distribution.- 5. Biogeochemical Cycles and Ecological Hierarchies.- 6. Woods as Habitat Patches for Birds; Application in Landscape Planning in the Netherlands.- 7. Hedgerow Network Patterns and Processes in France.- 8. Ecological Processes in the Time and Space of Farmland Mosaics.- III Natural and Human Processes Interacting to Cause Landscape Change.- 9. The Georgia Landscape: A Changing Resource.- 10. Landscape Change in Mediterranean-Type Habitats of Chile: Patterns and Processes.- 11. Landscape Patterns, Disturbance, and Management in the Pacific Northwest, USA.- IV Planning and Management of Landscapes.- 12. Using Landscape Ecology in Planning and Management.- 13. Basic Premises and Methods in Landscape Ecological Planning and Optimization.- 14. Ecologically Sustainable Landscapes: The Role of Spatial Configuration.- Concluding Remarks.
Landscape Ecology is an emerging science of gaining momentum over the past few decades in the scientific as well as in the planning-management worlds. Although the field is rooted in biology and geography, the approaches to understanding the ecology of a landscape are highly divers. This hybrid vigor provides power to the field. One can no longer view a local ecosystem or land use in isolation from global areas and time frames. The surrounding landscape mosaic and the flows and movements in a landscape must be considered, especially the linkage between humans requiring resources provided by nature, the constraints on their use as well as the responding landscape.
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