This series is dedicated to serving the growing community of scholars and prac titioners concerned with the principles and applications of enviromental manage ment. Each volume is a thorough treatmt'nt of a specific topic of importance for proper management practices. A fundamental objective of these books is to help the reader discern and implement man's stewardship of our environment and the world's renewable resources. For we must act to bring harmony to it, and nurture an environment that is both stable and productive. These objectives have often eluded us because the pursuit of other individual and societal goals has diverted us from a course of living in balance with the environment. At times, therefore, the environmental manager may have to exert restrictive control, which is usually best applied to man, not nature. Attempts to alter or harness nature have often failed or backfired, as exemplified by the results or imprudent use of herbicides, fertilizers, water, and other agents. Each book in this series will shed light on the fundamental and applied aspects of environmental management. It is hoped that each will help solve a practical and serious environmental problem.
I. Introduction.- 1. Topics of Long-Term Studies in Hazard Research.- 2. Open Questions in Hazard Research.- 3. Specific and Broadly Representative Elements in the Reconstruction of Friuli.- 4. Literature on Friuli and the Earthquakes in Friuli.- II. Overview of the Initial Conditions for Reconstruction.- 1. Indemnification versus Insurance: Two Models of Settling Damages after Natural Disasters.- 2. The Region and the Events of 1976.- 3. Decisions on the Method and the Course of Reconstruction.- III. Effects of Provisional Housing in Prefabs: Slums of Hope or Despair.- 1. Expenditures.- 2. Demolition.- 3. The Problem of the "Squatters".- 4. The Composition of the Population in the Prefab Towns.- 5. The Social Selection Process in the Prefab Towns.- 6. Prefab Settlements as Indicators of the Phases of Reconstruction.- IV. The Single Stages of Reconstruction.- 1. Reconstruction Stages and Expenditure of Funds.- 2. Critical Moments During Reconstruction.- 3. Regional Differentiation of Reconstruction.- 4. Socioeconomic Development.- 5. Differentiation of the Stages and Influential Factors.- 6. Costs of Reconstruction.- 7. Regional Differentiation of Reconstruction Costs.- 8. Change Following Disaster: A Review.- V. Reconstruction in Four Communities: A Case Study.- 1. The Situation Before the Disaster.- 2. Reconstruction Policies.- 3. Changes in Residential Structures and Settlement Patterns.- 4. The Improvement of Housing Stock.- 5. Changes in the Structure of Accommodations.- 6. Changes in the Location of Residences.- 7. Changes in Property Titles.- 8. Contentedness of the Population with Reconstruction.- 9. Change in Social Life.- VI. Changes in the Regional Structure During Reconstruction.- 1. Development of Demographic Relations.- 2. The Socioeconomic Development.- 3. Cluster Analysis of Socioeconomic and Demographic Variables.- 4. Small-Scale Changes in the Regional Structure.- 5. Earthquakes, Reconstruction, and Industrial Development.- VII. Conclusions.- 1. Reconstruction Alternatives-Three Scenarios.- 2. Learning From Reconstruction: The Do's and Don'ts of Friuli.- 3. Final Remarks.
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