Section I. Characterization of the Condition of Eastern U.S. Spruce-Fir Forests.- 1. Spruce-Fir Forests of Eastern North America.- 2. Characterization of Eastern U.S. Spruce-Fir Soils.- 3. Atmospheric Deposition and Pollutant Exposure of Eastern U.S. Forests.- 4. Condition and Recent Trends in High-Elevation Red Spruce Populations.- 5. The Dendroecology of Red Spruce Decline.- Section II. Air Pollution and Atmospheric Deposition Effects on Red Spruce: Evaluation of Mechanisms.- 6. Soil Mediated Effects of Atmospheric Deposition on Eastern U.S. Spruce-Fir Forests.- 7. Atmospheric Deposition Effects on Foliar Injury and Foliar Leaching in Red Spruce.- 8. Winter Injury and Developmental Cold Tolerance of Red Spruce.- 9. The Effects of Atmospheric Deposition and Ozone on Carbon Allocation and Associated Physiological Processes in Red Spruce.- Section III. Why are Red Spruce Declining at High Elevations? A Synthesis of Epidemiological and Mechanistic Studies.- 10. Synthesis and Conclusions from Epidemiological and Mechanistic Studies of Red Spruce Decline.
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