1 Social Development in Infancy: Looking Backward, Looking Forward.- The Emergence of New Themes.- Shifts in Content-Free Dimensions of Infant Social Development.- Conclusion.- 2 Risk and Protective Factors for Parents and Infants.- The Importance of Reciprocity.- Problems of Reciprocity in Teenage Mothers and Their Infants.- Evidence for Protective Factors.- Discussion.- 3 Long-Term Developmental Consequences of Intrauterine and Postnatal Growth Retardation in Rural Guatemala.- Developmental Risk and Intrauterine Growth Retardation (IUGR).- Postnatal Growth.- Methods.- Results.- Discussion.- 4 Infant Predictors of Inhibited and Uninhibited Children.- The Idea of Temperament.- Inhibited and Uninhibited Children.- Infant Predictors.- Discussion.- 5 The Challenge Facing Infant Research in the Next Decade.- Is Infancy a Special Period?.- Continuity, Discontinuity, or Both?.- Heredity and/or Environment?.- Recent Developments and an Adjusted Focus?.- The Question of Theory.- Concluding Comments.- 6 Current and Future Directions in Infant Development Research: A Brief Overview.- Increasing Linkages of Behavioral and Biological Perspectives.- More Precise Specification of Infants' Physical and Social Environmentals and Their Effects on Development.- Long-Term Consequences of Early Experience.- Early Identification of Developmental Risk.- Identification of Cognitive Competencies in Early Infancy.- Conclusions.
Future Directions in Infant Development Research bears wit-
ness to the significant shifts that have occurred in infancy
research in the recent past. While fundamental issues have
tended to remain the same, the emphasis and ways of address-
ing these issues have changed. This book is the first step
toward a much richer and fuller understanding of infant
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