Foreword.- Preface.- Acknowledgements.- Acronyms.- Symbols.- Greek Letters.- Part I - Basic Considerations.- Introduction.- State of the Art.- Human Haptic Perception.- Part II - Physical Evaluation.- Performance Evaluation Based on Physical Measurements.- Application to a Haptic Interface.- Part III - Psychophysical Evaluation.- Performance Evaluation based on Psychophysical Tests.- Application to a Tactile Display.- Part IV - Synthesis of Evaluation Methods.- Conclusion.- Glossary.- Index.
Haptics technology is being used more and more in different applications, such as in computer games for increased immersion, in surgical simulators to create a realistic environment for training of surgeons, in surgical robotics due to safety issues and in mobile phones to provide feedback from user action. The existence of these applications highlights a clear need to understand performance metrics for haptic interfaces and their implications on device design, use and application. Performance Metrics for Haptic Interfaces aims at meeting this need by establishing standard practices for the evaluation of haptic interfaces and by identifying significant performance metrics.
Towards this end, a combined physical and psychophysical experimental methodology is presented. Firstly, existing physical performance measures and device characterization techniques are investigated and described in an illustrative way. Secondly, a wide range of human psychophysical experiments are reviewed and the appropriate ones are applied to haptic interactions. The psychophysical experiments are unified as a systematic and complete evaluation method for haptic interfaces. Finally, synthesis of both evaluation methods is discussed.
The metrics provided in this state-of-the-art volume will guide readers in evaluating the performance of any haptic interface. The generic methodology will enable researchers to experimentally assess the suitability of a haptic interface for a specific purpose, to characterize and compare devices quantitatively and to identify possible improvement strategies in the design of a system.
A first step towards standards for haptic applicationsIncludes tutorial-like guidelines for device characterizationPresents a holistic evaluation methodology applicable to any haptic device