1 British Cardiology 1900-50.- Heart failure.- Cardiac arrhythmias.- Conduction defects.- Electrocardiography.- Ischaemic heart disease.- Angina.- Myocardial infarction.- Chronic rheumatic heart disease.- Infections of the heart.- Hypertensive heart disease.- Pulmonary heart disease.- Congenital heart disease.- Da Costa's syndrome and related conditions.- The Development of the Speciality.- 2 The Second World War and the NHS - the Framework for the Development of Cardiology.- Hospitals and specialists before the war.- Planning for district hospitals.- Speciality development.- Development of cardiology and cardiac surgery.- NHS organisation and specialist services.- London issues.- Equity, cost, and quality.- 3 The Training, Number, and Distribution of Cardiologists.- Training within the NHS.- of formal training.- Regulating numbers.- Growth and geographical distribution.- The Organisations Involved in the Growth of Cardiology.- 4 Societies, Journals, and Books.- The Cardiac Club.- The British Cardiac Society.- Other British cardiology organisations.- Journals and books.- 5 The British Heart Foundation.- Founding committee.- Statement of purpose.- Fundraising.- Governance.- The medical department.- Research.- Professorial chairs.- Education.- Cardiac care.- 6 Part I. The National Heart Hospital: The First of its Kind.- London hospitals prior to special hospitals.- The rise of special hospitals.- Special hospitals gain recognition.- The origins of the National Heart Hospital.- The Dr Eldridge Spratt melodrama.- The hospital gains sound footing and respect.- The Second World War period.- The National Heart Hospital and Institute of Cardiology.- Cardiac catheterization and cardiovascular surgery.- Closure and rebirth of the Heart Hospital.- Acknowledgements.- II. The Institute of Cardiology and the National Heart and Lung Institute.- Formation of special institutes for postgraduate education.- National Heart Hospital.- Institute of Cardiology.- Formation of the National Heart and Lung Institute.- 7 The Hammersmith Hospital and the Royal Postgraduate Medical School.- Foundation.- Voluntary hospitals and research.- The Hammersmith model.- Cardiac catheterisation.- The Second World War.- Cardiac surgery.- Further research.- Diagnosis and Treatment in Cardiology.- 8 Bedside Diagnosis.- Principles of examination.- Development of the phonocardiogram.- Studies on identifying components of the second heart sound.- Studies on components and intensity of the first heart sound.- Studies on early systolic sounds.- 9 The Chest X Ray in Cardiac Diagnosis, 1930-60.- Early use of the chest x ray.- Improvement in radiological methods.- First techniques.- Cardiac enlargement and the pulmonary blood vessels.- Heart failure.- Cardiac catheterisation helps interpretation.- Investigating pulmonary blood flow and oedema.- Pulmonary hypertension.- 10 Electrocardiography, Electrophysiology, and Arrhythmias.- Electrocardiography.- Intracardiac electrocardiography.- Developments in surface electrocardiography.- Antiarrhythmic therapy.- 11 Cardiac Catheterisation.- Early work.- The Paul Wood era.- Work in the 1960s and 1970s.- Angioplasty.- 12 Nuclear Medicine and Cardiology.- The MRC medical cyclotron unit.- Cardiac imaging.- New tracers.- Emission tomography.- British Nuclear Cardiology Society.- Cost-benefit analysis of scintigraphy.- 13 Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance.- Early days of imaging.- CORDA.- Brompton Magnetic Resonance Unit.- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy.- Coronary and myocardial perfusion imaging.- Specialist societies.- 14 The Development of Cardiac Ultrasound.- Beginnings.- Developments in the 1970s and 1980s.- Importance in paediatric cardiology.- Transoesophageal echo.- Ultrasound's role in cardiology.- The next millennium.- 15 Prevention of Heart Disease.- Rheumatic heart disease.- Coronary heart disease.- Epidemiological studies.- Prevention.- Decreasing mortality from coronary heart disease.- Hypertension.- 16 Cardiac Surgery.-
Cardiology as a medical specialty originated in the 20th century and Britain played an important role in its development. British Cardiology in the 20th Century provides the first comprehensive account of the British contributions to this exciting field as well as the interesting story of many of the people and institutions who were involved. Many of the key changes in the understanding of the physiology of the heart and their clinical implications were discovered by these individuals.
This book will be of great interest to clinicians, students, and medical historians who wish to gain a historical understanding and appreciation of this dynamic clinical discipline that has improved the health and prognosis for so many.
Highlights the unique British contributions made to cardiology as a specialty in the 20th century
Stimulates interest in and awareness of British cardiology to an international audience
Explains how the specialty evolved first in Britain and then elsewhere
Provides a reliable historical resource for current and future writers
Describes British practice and treatment for heart disease during the 20th century
Provides a history of some of the figures, institutions, and organisations which played an important part in cardiology