Über den Autor
Yehuda Ginosar, BSc, MBBS, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, IsraelrnFelicity Reynolds, MD, FRCA, FRCOG, one time St Thomas' Hospital, London, UKrnStephen Halpern, MD, MSc, University of Toronto , Toronto, CanadarnCarl P. Weiner, MD, MBA, FACOG, University of Kansas, School of Medicine, Kansas City, USA
Contributors, ixrnPreface, xvirnAcknowledgments, xviiirnSection I: Basic Principlesrn1 Intrauterine growth and development, 3nTimothy Moss, Cheryl Albuquerque & Richard Hardingrn2 Maternal physiological adaptations to pregnancy, 19nJulie Phillips, MD, Melissa Covington, MD & George Osol, PhDrn3 Placental respiratory gas exchange, 25nLowell Davisrn4 The fetal circulation, 32nLoren P. Thompson, PhD & Kazumasa Hashimoto, MDrn5 Fetal responses to hypoxia, 39nTania L. Kasdaglis, MD and Ahmet A. Baschat MDrn6 Pharmacokinetics in pregnancy, 53nJanine R Hutson, MSc, Chagit Klieger-Grossmann MD & Gideon Koren MD, FRCPC, FABMTrn7 The first few breaths: normal transition from intra- to extra-uterine life, 63nSmadar Eventov-Friedman, MD/PhD & Benjamin Bar-Oz, MDrnSection II: Endpoint Variables: Assessments of Fetal Wellbeing and Neonatal Outcomern8 Validity of endpoint measurement, 75nPamela Angle MD MSc, FRCPC, Stephen Halpern MD MSc, FRCPC, Marcos Silva MD & Alex Kiss PhDrnSection III: Antenatal and Intrapartum Assessment of the Fetusrn9 Imaging of the fetus and the uteroplacental blood supply: ultrasound, 89nKypros Nicolaidesrn10 Imaging of the fetus and the uteroplacental blood supply: MRI, 97nCaroline Wright & Philip Bakerrn11 Fetal heart rate monitoring, 104nAlison M. Premo & Sarah J. Kilpatrickrn12 Fetal acid-base monitoring, 114nLennart Nordströmrn13 Fetal pulse oximetry, 123nPaul B Colditz & Christine Eastrn14 Neonatal assessment and prediction of neonatal outcome, 129nVadivelam Murthy & Anne GreenoughrnSection IV: Interventions: anesthesia, analgesia, and their effects on the fetusrn15 Environmental exposure to anesthetic agents, 141nAsher Ornoy, MDrn16 Anesthesia and analgesia for assisted reproduction techniques and during the first trimester, 147nArvind Palanisamy, MD, FRCA & Lawrence C. Tsen, MDrn17 The effect of anesthetic drugs on the developing fetus: considerations in non-obstetric surgery, 156nRichard S. Gist MD CDR MC USN & Yaakov Beilin MDrn18 Substance abuse and pregnancy, 165nDonald H. Penning MD, MS, FRCP & Allison J. Lee, MDrn19 Intrauterine fetal procedures for congenital anomalies, 173nAmar Nijagal MD, Hanmin Lee MD & Mark Rosen MDrn20 The EXIT procedure, 183nSheldon M. Stohl, MD, Hindi E. Stohl, MD, Ari Y. Weintraub, MD & Kha M. Tran, MDrn21 Mechanisms and consequences of anesthetic-induced neuroapoptosis in the developing brain, 192nZhaowei Zhou, Adam P Januszewski, Mervyn Maze & Daqing Marn22 Relevance to clinical anesthesia of anesthetic-induced neurotoxicity in developing animals, 200nCatherine E. Creeley, Mervyn Maze & John W. Olneyrn23 External cephalic version, 210nCarolyn F. Weiniger MB ChB & Yossef Ezra MDrnSection V: Anesthesia for Cesarean Deliveryrn24 Effects on the fetus of general versus regional anesthesia, 217nSharon Orbach-Zinger MD and Yehuda Ginosar BSc MBBSrn25 Anesthesia for cesarean delivery: effects on the fetus of maternal blood pressure control, 235nProfessorWarwick D. Ngan Kee, BHB, MBChB, MD, FANZCA, FHKCA, FHKAMrn26 Effects on the fetus of maternal oxygen administration, 244nNeeti Sadana, MD and Scott Segal, MD, MHCMrn27 Effects on the fetus of maternal position during cesarean delivery, 251nRobin Russell MB BS MD FRCArnSection VI: Analgesia for laborrn28 Effects on the fetus of systemic vs. neuraxial analgesia, 263nStephen H. Halpern MD, MSc, FRCPC & Marcos Silva MDrn29 The effects on the fetus of early versus late regional analgesia, 270nCynthia A. Wong, MD 270rn30 Regional analgesia, maternal fever, and its effect on the fetus and neonate, 277nTabitha A. Tanqueray, Philip J. Steer & Steve M. Yentisrn31 Effects on the fetus of major maternal anesthetic complications, 285nFelicity Plaat MA MBBS FRCA & Ruth Bedson MBBS FRCArnSection VII: Confounding Variables: The Compromised Fetus, the Compromised Motherrn32 Twins and higher order multiple pregnancies: implications for the anesthesiologist, 295nY. Habaz, J. Barrett & E.S. Shinwellrn33 Preeclampsia: the compromised fetus, the compromised mother, 301nHenry L. Galan, MD & Todd R. Lovgren, MDrn34 Fetal distress, 313nRobert A Dyer, FCA (SA), PhD & Leann K Schoeman, FCOG (SA)rnSection VIII: Trauma and Resuscitationrn35 Maternal trauma, 325nYuval Meroz MD, Uriel Elchalal, MD & Avraham I Rivkind, MD FACSrn36 Maternal resuscitation and perimortem cesarean delivery, 333nSharon Einav, MD, Sorina Grisaru-Granovski, MD, PhD & Joseph Varon MD, FACP, FCCP, FCCMrn37 Fetal resuscitation, 343nStephen Michael Kinsella & Andrew Shennanrn38 Neonatal resuscitation and immediate neonatal emergencies, 350nRitu Chitkara, MD, Anand K. Rajani, MD & Louis P. Halamek, MDrnSection IX: Medicine, Ethics, and the Lawrn39 Fetal beneficence and maternal autonomy: ethics and the law, 363nWilliam J. Sullivan, QC & M. Joanne Douglas, MD, FRCPCrn40 Maternal-fetal research in pregnancy, 372nFrank A. Chervenak, MD & Laurence B. McCullough, PhDrnIndex, 379
Anesthesia and the Fetus integrates into one volume the multidisciplinary components of:n* fetal developmentn* fetal pharmacologyn* assessments of fetal and neonatal outcomen* anesthesia and analgesia during pregnancyn* anesthesia and analgesia during laborn* ethics and lawrnWritten by an internationally renowned group of clinicians and scientists, Anesthesia and the Fetus provides a contemporary guide and reference to the role of anesthesia, and the anesthesiologist, in protecting the mother and her unborn child during pregnancy.