PREFACE TO THE THIRD EDITION THE long interval, nearly twenty years, that has been allowed to elapse since the last edition of Japan and its art was issued and exhausted, would seem to call for some explanation to a public that has for some time been asking for a further one. The reasons for the delay are two. First and foremost, the changes in Japan, in her maltiers, customs, and even her Arts. These have been so continuous, the old order giving place to the new with such rapidity, that it has seemed impossible to keep abreast of them in any record that might be prepared. Secondly, the authors leisure has been taken up with other literary tasks, specially the Honorary Editorship of the Japan Societys Tuaasnrfioru, during our fourteen years, and the Editorship of the English edition of Count Okumas Fifty Years of Sew Japan. But the recent break in the Iistory of Japan, owing to the close of the Alejera, and the commencement of that of Taisho.