THE LIFE OF THE BEE By Iht Same Contents include: I. ON THE THRESHOLD OF THE HIVE II. THE SWARM III. THE FOUNDATION OF THE CITY IV. THE LIFE OF THE BEE V. THE YOUNG QUEENS VI. THE NUPTIAL FLIGHT VII. THE MASSACRE OF THE MALES VIII. THE PROGRESS OF THE RACE. IT is not my intention to write a treatise on apiculture, or on practical beekeeping. Excellent works of the kind abound in all civilised countries, and it were useless to attempt another. France has those of Dadant, Georges de Lay ens and Bonnier, Bertrand, Hamet, Weber, Clement, the Abbe Collin, etc. Englishspeaking countries have Langs troth, Bevan, Cook, Cheshire, Cowan, Root, etc. Germany has Dzierzon, Van Berlespoch, Pollmann, Vogel, and many others. Nor is this book to be a scientific monograph on Apis Mellifica, Ligustica, Fasciata, Dorsata, etc., or a collection of new observations and studies. I shall say scarcely anything that those will not know who are somewhat familiar with bees. The notes and experiments I have made during my twenty years of bee keeping I shall reserve for a more techni cal work for their interest is necessarily of a special and limited nature, and I am anxious not to overburden this essay. I wish to speak of the bees very simply, as one speaks of a subject one knows and loves to those who know it not. I do not intend to adorn the truth, or merit the just reproach Reaumur addressed to his predecessors in the study of our honeyflies, whom he accused of substituting for the marvellous reality marvels that were imaginary and merely plausible. The fact that the hive contains so much that is wonderful does not warrant our seeking to add to its wonders. Besides, I myself have now for a long time ceased to look for anything more beautiful in this world, or more interesting, than the truth or at least than the effort one is able to make towards the truth. I shall state nothing, therefore, that I have not verified myself, or that is not so fully accepted in the textbooks as to render further verifica tion superfluous. My facts shall be as accurate as though they appeared in a practical manual or scientific monograph, but I shall relate them in a somewhat livelier fashion than such works would allow, shall group them more harmoni ously together, and blend them with freer and more mature reflections. The reader of this book will not learn there from how to manage a hive but he will know more or less all that can with any certainty be known of the curious, pro found, and intimate side of its inhabi tants. Nor will this be at the cost of what still remains to be learned. I shall pass over in silence the hoary traditions that, in the country and many a book, still constitute the legend of the hive. Whenever there be doubt, disagreement, hypothesis, when I arrive at the unknown, I shall declare it loyally you will find that we often shall halt before the un known. Beyond the appreciable facts of their life we know but little of the bees. And the closer our acquaintance becomes, the nearer is our ignorance brought to us of the depths of their real existence but such ignorance is better than the other kind, which is uncon scious, and satisfied. Does an analogous work on the bee exist?