Über den Autor
EDWARD D. ANDREWS (AS in Criminal Justice, BS in Religion, MA in Biblical Studies, and MDiv in Theology) is CEO and President of Christian Publishing House. He has authored sixty-six books and coauthored and updated and expanded five books, as well as over 200 articles. Andrews is the Chief Translator of the Updated American Standard Version.
The Gift to be Simple- SONGS, DANCES AND RITUALS OF THE AMERICAN SHAKERS by EDWARD D. ANDREWS. Contents include: Introduction ., 3 I. Songs and Rituals .......... 9 Texts Illustrating Various Types of Shaker Songs II. Tunes and Music 83 A Collection o Tunes with Texts III. Dances 143 IV. Post Script 158 Selected References 160 Index of First Lines of Songs ........ 165 Index of Tunes and Songs with Melodic Accompaniment . . 169 vii ILLUSTRATIONS 1. Shakers near Lebanon, State of New York . . . Frontispiece lithograph by A. Imbcrt, New York, c, 1830. FACING PAGE 2. Shaker meeting-houses .......... 20 Wood-cut by Benson Lossing. 1857. 3. Title-page of Millennial Praises 36 Printed at Hancock by Josiah TaUcott, Junior. 1813. 4. Page from manuscript hymnal Simple Gifts .... 36 . Song-book of Mary Hazzard. New Lebanon, 1847. 5. Ritual song in manuscript ......... 36 From, a hymnal dating from 1837. New Lebanon community. 6. A leaf from the tree of songs 36 From the manuscript hymnal of Mary Hazzard. New Lebanon, 1839. 7. Mountain meeting .......... 52 Wood-cut from David Lamsons f Two Years among the Shakers. West Bolyston, 1848. 8. Singing meeting 52 Wood-engraving by Joseph Becker. 1885. 9. Welcome song written in four-shape notation .... 68 From manuscript hymnal of George DeWitt. New Lebanon, 1822. 10. Title-page of Isaac Youngs Rules of Music 68 Printed at New Lebanon, 1843. ii and na. Letter-notes and dance tunes from Youngs manual . . 68 ILLUSTRATIONS Contin ued FACING PAGE 12. Song printed in letter-notes . 68 From A Sacred Repository of Anthems and Hymns. Canterbury, 1852. 13. More Love 84 Leaflet song, Canterbury, c. 1871. 14 Square-order dance .......... 84 Wood-engraving by Benson Lossing, 1857. From Harpers New Monthly Magazine. 15. Sacred march 100 Wood-engraving by A. Boyd Houghton, 1870. From The London Graphic. 16. Circular dance 100 Wood-engraving from Leslies Popular Monthly, 1885. Probably by Joseph Becker. 17. Promiscuous dance 116 Wood-engraving by A. Boyd Houghton, 1870,