The Need for Quantum Mechanics.- Self-adjoint Operators and Eigenfunction Expansions.- Simple Model Systems.- Notions from Linear Algebra and Bra-ket Formalism.- Formal Developments.- Harmonic Oscillators and Coherent States.- Central Forces in Quantum Mechanics.- Spin and Addition of Angular Momentum Type Operators.- Stationary Perturbations in Quantum Mechanics.- Quantum Aspects of Materials I.- Scattering Off Potentials.- The Density of States.- Time-Dependent Perturbations in Quantum Mechanics.- Path Integrals in Quantum Mechanics.- Coupling to Electromagnetic Fields.- Principles of Lagrangian Field Theory.- Non-relativistic Quantum Field Theory.- Quantization of the Maxwell Field: Photons.- Quantum Aspects of Materials II.- Dimensional Effects in Low-dimensional Systems.- Klein-Gordon and Dirac Fields.
Advanced Quantum Mechanics: Materials and Photons is a textbook which emphasizes the importance of advanced quantum mechanics for materials science and all experimental techniques which employ photon absorption, emission, or scattering. Important aspects of introductory quantum mechanics are covered in the first seven chapters to make the subject self-contained and accessible for a wide audience. The textbook can therefore be used for advanced undergraduate courses and introductory graduate courses which are targeted towards students with diverse academic backgrounds from the Natural Sciences or Engineering. To enhance this inclusive aspect of making the subject as accessible as possible, Appendices A and B also provide introductions to Lagrangian mechanics and the covariant formulation of electrodynamics. Other special features include an introduction to Lagrangian field theory and an integrated discussion of transition amplitudes with discrete or continuous initial or final states. Once students have acquired an understanding of basic quantum mechanics and classical field theory, canonical field quantization is easy. Furthermore, the integrated discussion of transition amplitudes naturally leads to the notions of transition probabilities, decay rates, absorption cross sections and scattering cross sections, which are important for all experimental techniques that use photon probes.
Quantization is first discussed for the Schrödinger field before the relativistic Maxwell, Klein-Gordon and Dirac fields are quantized. Quantized Schrödinger field theory is not only important for condensed matter physics and materials science, but also provides the easiest avenue to general field quantization and is therefore also useful for students with an interest in nuclear and particle physics. The quantization of the Maxwell field is performed in Coulomb gauge. This is the appropriate and practically most useful quantization procedure