Part I Introductory Aspects.- Crystals & Melts.- Thermodynamics of Crystal-Melt Phase Change.- Thermal Concepts in Solidification.- Solidification of Pure Materials.- Part II Macrosegregation.- Solute Mass Balances: Macrosegregation.- Plane-Front Solidication.- Composition Control.- Part III Solid-Liquid Interfaces: Capillarity, Stability, Nucleation.- Crystal-Molt Interfaces.- Constitutional Supercooling.- Linear Morphological Stability.- Non-Linear Stability Models.- Nucleation Catalysis.- Part IV Microstructure Evolution.- Dendritic Growth.- Microsegregation.- Interface Structures and Kinetics.- Polyphase Solidification.- Rapid Solidification Processing.
"Principles of Solidification" offers comprehensive descriptions of liquid-to-solid transitions encountered in shaped casting, welding, and non-biological bulk crystal growth processes. The book logically develops through careful presentation of relevant thermodynamic and kinetic theories and models of solidification occurring in a variety of materials. Major topics encompass the liquid-state, liquid-solid transformations, chemical macro- and microsegregation, purification by fractional crystallization and zone refining, solid-liquid interfaces, polyphase freezing, and rapid solidification processing. Solid-liquid interfaces are discussed quantitatively both as sharp and diffuse entities, with supporting differential geometric descriptions. The book offers:
. Detailed mathematical examples throughout to guide readers
. Applications of solidification and crystal growth methodologies for preparation and purification of metals, ceramics, polymers and semiconductors
. Appendices providing supporting information on special topics covered in the chapters.
Readers in materials, metallurgical, chemical, and mechanical engineering will find this to be a useful source on the subjects of solidification and crystal growth. Chemists, physicists, and geologists concerned with melting/freezing phenomena will also find much of value in this book.
Detailed mathematical steps are included throughout the book to guide readers
Applications of solidification and crystal growth methods are discussed contextually, such as purification of materials and the growth and use semiconductor crystals
Appendices provide supporting information on key topics related to several chapters