With a fresh geometric approach accompanied by approximately 300 figures, this textbook sets itself apart from all others in advanced calculus. Although this book presents classical capstones of advanced calculus, such as the divergence theorem for 3-dimensional regions and Stokes theorem for 2-dimensional surfaces in space, it devotes most of the book to the physical meaning of the theorems and their underlying concepts. All relevant analytic topics, such as convergence of sequences of functions, are purposefully left out of this book because the analysis aspect is typically covered in advanced calculus textbooks while the geometric aspects are rarely represented.
The pace of Advanced Calculus: A Geometric View is designed deliberately for independent study, as it is abundant in figures, exercises, and visual examples that introduce ideas and topics. This book can be divided into two parts: Part 1: mappings; Part 2: integrals. There are many chapters in both parts, which go into extreme detail on the many different topics in advanced calculus, such as the geometry of linear maps, approximations, derivatives, implicit functions, surface integrals, and Stoke s theorem.
Containing both calculus and geometry, this textbook is intended to be used by undergraduates in mathematics and the physical sciences who are taking a course in advanced calculus and/or geometry, or engaged in independent study. The prerequisites include linear algebra and multivariable calculus.
1 Starting Points.-1.1 Substitution.- Exercises.- 1.2 Work and path integrals.- Exercises.- 1.3 Polar coordinates.- Exercises.- 2 Geometry of Linear Maps.- 2.1 Maps from R2 to R2.- Exercises.- 2.2 Maps from Rn to Rn.- Exercises.- 2.3 Maps from Rn to Rp, n 6= p.- Exercises.- 3 Approximations.- 3.1 Mean-value theorems.- Exercises.- 3.2 Taylor polynomials in one variable.- Exercises.- 3.3 Taylor polynomials in several variables.- Exercises.- 4 The Derivative.- 4.1 Differentiability.- Exercises.- 4.2 Maps of the plane.- Exercises.- 4.3 Parametrized surfaces.- Exercises.- 4.4 The chain rule.- Exercises.- 5 Inverses.- 5.1 Solving equations.- Exercises.- 5.2 Coordinate Changes.- Exercises.- 5.3 The Inverse Function Theorem.- Exercises.- 6 Implicit Functions.- 6.1 A single equation.- Exercises.- 6.2 A pair of equations.- Exercises.- 6.3 The general case.- Exercises.- 7 Critical Points.- 7.1 Functions of one variable.- Exercises.- 7.2 Functions of two variables.- Exercises.- 7.3 Morse's lemma.- Exercises.- 8 Double Integrals.- 8.1 Example: gravitational attraction.- Exercises.- 8.2 Area and Jordan content.- Exercises.- 8.3 Riemann and Darboux integrals.- Exercises.- 9 Evaluating Double Integrals.- 9.1 Iterated integrals.- Exercises.- 9.2 Improper integrals.- Exercises.- 9.3 The change of variables formula.- 9.4 Orientation.- Exercises.- 9.5 Green's Theorem.- Exercises.- 10 Surface Integrals.- 10.1 Measuring flux.- Exercises.- 10.2 Surface area and scalar integrals.- Exercises.- 10.3 Differential forms.- Exercises.- 11 Stokes' Theorem.- 11.1 Divergence.- Exercises.- 11.2 Circulation and Vorticity.- Exercises.- 11.3 Stokes' Theorem.- 11.4 Closed and Exact Forms.- Exercises
From the reviews:
"Many concepts in calculus and linear algebra have obvious geometric interpretations. ... This book differs from other advanced calculus works ... it can serve as a useful reference for professors. ... it is the adopted course resource, its inclusion in a college library's collection should be determined by the size and interests of the mathematics faculty. Summing Up ... . Upper-division undergraduate through professional collections." (C. Bauer, Choice, Vol. 48 (8), April, 2011)
"The author of this book sees an opportunity to bring back a more geometric, visual and physically-motivated approach to the subject. ... The author makes exceptionally good use of two and three-dimensional graphics. Drawings and figures are abundant and strongly support his exposition. Exercises are plentiful and they cover a range from routine computational work to proofs and extensions of results from the text. ... Strong students ... are likely to be attracted by the approach and the serious meaty content." (William J. Satzer, The Mathematical Association of America, January, 2011)
"A new geometric and visual approach to advanced calculus is presented. ... The book can be useful a textbook for beginners as well as a source of supplementary material for university teachers in calculus and analysis. ... the book meets a wide auditorium among undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics, physics, economics and in other fields which essentially use mathematical models. It is also very interesting for teachers and instructors in Calculus and Mathematical Analysis." (Sergei V. Rogosin, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1205, 2011)
Über den Autor
James J. Callahan is currently a professor of mathematics at Smith College. His previous Springer book is entitled The Geometry of Spacetime: An Introduction to Special and General Relativity. He was director of the NSF-funded Five College Calculus Project and a coauthor of Calculus in Context.
With a fresh geometric approach that incorporates more than 250 illustrations, this textbook sets itself apart from all others in advanced calculus. Besides the classical capstones--the change of variables formula, implicit and inverse function theorems, the integral theorems of Gauss and Stokes--the text treats other important topics in differential analysis, such as Morse's lemma and the Poincaré lemma. The ideas behind most topics can be understood with just two or three variables. The book incorporates modern computational tools to give visualization real power. Using 2D and 3D graphics, the book offers new insights into fundamental elements of the calculus of differentiable maps. The geometric theme continues with an analysis of the physical meaning of the divergence and the curl at a level of detail not found in other advanced calculus books. This is a textbook for undergraduates and graduate students in mathematics, the physical sciences, and economics. Prerequisites are an introduction to linear algebra and multivariable calculus. There is enough material for a year-long course on advanced calculus and for a variety of semester courses--including topics in geometry. The measured pace of the book, with its extensive examples and illustrations, make it especially suitable for independent study.