Dedication.- Preface.- Foreword.- The background to systemics.- Generalizing systemics and the role of the observer.- Emergence.- How to model emergence: the traditional methods,- How to model emergence: the non-traditional methods.- The role of ergodicity.- Applications to social systems; growth, development, sustainable development, ethics.- Applications to social systems; systems archetypes, virtual systems, knowledge management, organizational learning, industrial districts.- Applications to cognitive systems; beyond computationalism.- Appendix 1: some systemic properties.- Appendix 2: some questions and answers about systemics.- References.- Index.
This book offers an overview on the background to systemics. It introduces the concept of Collective Being as a Multiple System established by processes of emergence and self-organization of the same agents simultaneously or dynamically interacting in different ways. The principles underlying this approach are grounded on the theoretical role of the observer. This view allows to model in a more suitable way complex systems, such as in physics, biology and economics.