Policy Reforms and Agricultural Development in Central Asia: An Overview of Issues and Challenges.- Agrarian Reforms in Central Asia: Problems and Perspectives.- Economic Policy Reforms in Central Asian Transition Economies.- A Comparative Analysis of Trends in Agricultural Productivity in Central Asian Transition Economies.- Institutional Reforms for Agricultural Development in Central Asia.- Natural Resource Policy Reforms: An Analysis of Interstate Water Management in Aral Sea Basin.- Impact of Policy Reforms on Farm Production.- Market Reforms and Farm Behaviors in Central Asia.- Private Sector Development in Uzbekistan Agriculture: Challenges and Opportunities.- Food Security, Nutrition and Poverty in Central Asia.- Policy Reforms and Poverty in Kyrgyzstan.- Food Security and Nutrition under Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan.- Conclusions and Recommendations.
Achieving sustainable agricultural development is at the forefront of the poverty reduction objective of the Central Asian republics - Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Since independence, the countries of the Central Asian region have undergone a series of transition from centrally planned economies to a more market oriented system. Wide-ranging policy reforms have been implemented, although in varying degrees, in the five Central Asian countries. Despite great efforts by the countries and the external advice and efforts of international agencies to help them to follow a dynamic growth path, the progress in policy reforms has been frustratingly slow. Generating momentum to reorient the approach and the sequencing of policy reform packages will require rethinking of the policy reform process. This is particularly so in the food, agriculture, and natural resource sectors. This further requires improved understanding among the policymakers, donors, and international agencies of the impact of policy alternatives so that policy reforms and the speed with which they have been implemented are consistent with the objectives and the social and political realities of individual countries in the region. Involving the local policy research community in identifying critical issues and challenges, setting priorities among them for food and agricultural and natural resource policy research and analysis, and implementing joint research studies is the best way to generate knowledge on the impact of policy reforms and to increase ownership of policy design and implementation.
Presents the most thorough research on how food and agriculture policy reforms affect transition economies