An Introduction to Psychological Knowledge for Court: PTSD, Pain, and TBI.- Psychology, Causality, and Court.- Definitional Issues, Psychobiological Underpinnings, and Individual Differences in PTSD.- Predicting Who Will Develop Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.- Assessment of Psychological Distress and Disability After Sexual Assault in Adults.- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Injury: Assessment and Other Methodological Considerations.- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Across the Lifespan: A Review of Theoretical Models.- Cognitive-behavioral Perspectives and Practical Implications.- Pain in the Twenty-First Century: The Neuromatrix and Beyond.- The Influence of Personality Characteristics on Pain Patients: Implications for Causality in Pain.- The Effect of Cognition on Pain Experience and Pain Behavior: Diatheses-Stress and the Casual Conundrum.- Chronic Pain and Affect as a Nonlinear Dynamical System.- Objective and Subjective Measurement of Pain: Current Approaches for Forensic Applications.- Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Definitions.- The Confounding Effects of Pain, Psychoemotional Problems or Psychiatric Disorder, Premorbid Ability Structure, and Motivational or Other Factors on Neuropsychological Test Performance.- Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI): Neuroimaging and Neuropathology.- Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Medical and Legal Causality Considerations.- Assessment of Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.- Psychological Knowledge for Court Purposes: PTSD, Pain and TBI.
PTSD, pain syndromes, traumatic brain injury: these three areas are common features of personal injury cases, often forming the cornerstone of expert testimony. Yet their complex interplay in an individual can make evaluation-and explaining the results in court-extremely difficult.
Psychological Knowledge in Court focuses on this triad separately and in combination, creating a unique guide to forensic evaluations that fulfills both legal and clinical standards. Its meticulous review of the literature identifies and provides clear guidelines for addressing core issues in causality, chronicity, and assessment, such as:
- Are there any definable risk factors for PTSD?
- How prevalent is PTSD after trauma?
- How do patients' emotions relate to their pain experience?
- Are current pain assessment methods accurate enough?
- What is the role of pre-existing vulnerabilities in traumatic brain injury?
- What exactly is "mild" TBI?
This book presents current theory and research on the way that psychological factors affect the presentation, diagnosis, and course of illness when causality is at issue. It offers an overview of the crucial scientific knowledge base and the appropriate, comprehensive assessment procedures to be followed in order to arrive at a proper determination for court or other related purposes. It posits and explores three primary factors that determine causality of psychological outcome: pre-stressor psychological vulnerabilities, the specified stressor, and post-stressor factors. Sections are disorder specific and separate chapters explore the facets mentioned.