Preface - Section I Modeling of Hydrates - 1. Towards a full dynamic model of CO 2 hydrate formation in aqueous solutions - 2. Statistical Thermodynamic Model of Clathrate Hydrates with Multiple Filling of Cages - 3. Phenomenological Modeling of Hydrate Formation and Dissociation - 4. Effect of Conductive and Convective Heat Flow on Gas Production from Natural Hydrates by Depressurization - 5. An Application Used For Correcting Thermal Gradients Below Permafrost Using an Empirical Diffusion Model: Anadarko's Hot Ice no. 1 Gas Hydrates Case Study - 6. Gas Production from Class 1 Hydrate Accumulations - Section II Detection of Hydrates - 7. A Project Update of Methane Hydrate Production from Alaskan Permafrost - 8. Seismic Detection and Quantification of Gas Hydrates Using Rock Physics and Inversion - 9. Experiment and Modeling of Hydrate Equilibrium Line in Gas, Gas Condensate, Black Oil and Drilling Completion Fluids - Section III Laboratory Studies of Hydrates - 10. Solubility Measurements for CO 2 and Methane Mixture in Water and Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions near Hydrate Conditions - 11. Nucleation Mechanisms of Clathrate Hydrates - 12. The MSU Micellar-Solution Gas Hydrate Storage Process for Natural Gas - 13. Enhancement in the Storage of Methane in Hydrates - 14. Strength and Acoustic Properties of Ottawa Sand Containing Laboratory-Formed Methane Gas Hydrate - 15. Investigating Methane Hydrate in Sediments using X-Ray Computed Tomography - 16. Methane Hydrate Studies: Delineating Properties of Host Sediments to Establish Reproducible Decomposition Kinetics - Keyword Index - Author Index
This book had its genesis in a symposium on gas hydrates presented at the 2003 Spring National Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. The symposium consisted of twenty papers presented in four sessions over two days. Additional guest authors were invited to provide continuity and cover topics not addressed during the symposium. Gas hydrates are a unique class of chemical compounds where molecules of one compound (the guest material) are enclosed, without bonding chemically, within an open solid lattice composed of another compound (the host material). These types of configurations are known as clathrates. The guest molecules, u- ally gases, are of an appropriate size such that they fit within the cage formed by the host material. Commonexamples of gas hydrates are carbon dioxide/water and methane/water clathrates. At standard pressure and temperature, methane hydrate contains by volume 180 times as much methane as hydrate. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has estimated that there is more organic carbon c- tained as methane hydrate than all other forms of fossil fuels combined. In fact, methane hydrates could provide a clean source of energy for several centuries. Clathrate compounds were first discovered in the early 1800s when Humphrey Davy and Michael Faraday were experimenting with chlorine-water mixtures.
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