Introduction: Observing the Continental-Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance.- Observing a Vulnerable Carbon Cycle.- Assimilation and Network Design.- Quantifying Fossil Fuel CO2 over Europe.- Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Carbon Emissions.- Issues in Establishing In Situ Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Networks in Europe and in Regions of Interest to Europe.- Estimating Sources and Sinks of Methane: An Atmospheric View.- Designing an Observation Strategy for N2O.- Monitoring Carbon Stock Changes in European Soils: Process Understanding and Sampling Strategies.- Monitoring Carbon Stock Changes in European Forests Using Forest Inventory Data.- Flux Tower Sites, State of the Art, and Network Design.- Observations and Status of Peatland Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Europe.- Towards a Full Accounting of the Greenhouse Gas Balance of European Grasslands.- Regional Measurements and Modelling of Carbon Exchange.- Using Satellite Observations in Regional Scale Calculations of Carbon Exchange.- The Lateral Carbon Pump, and the European Carbon Balance.- Multiple Constraint Estimates of the European Carbon Balance.- A Roadmap for a Continental-Scale Greenhouse Gas Observing System in Europe.
Introduction: CarboEurope GHG and goals of the book.- Methods and requirements for a global carbon data assimilation schemes.- Optimizing the observation network.- Improving model parameters from sparse observations.- Effective sampling of soil carbon at European scale.- Effective sampling of ecosystem fluxes: a bottom up perspective.- Full GHG accounting of grasslands.- Observation of CH4 emissions from wetlands.- State of the art carbon inventories and ways to use them for carbon cycle research.- Lateral C-fluxes.- Top down constraints from atmospheric observations and models on the European carbon balance.- Variability and mean CH4 fluxes.- Quantifying fossil fuel emissions.- Inventories of fossil fuel emissions and downscaling to higher temporal and spatial scales.- Riverine transport of carbon and nitrogen.- Use of Satellite information to determine GHG fluxes.- Issues in establishing GHG concentration monitoring networks.- Designing a observation strategy for N2O.- Synthesis: where do we stand with the current observation strategy and where do we go?
This book assesses the current greenhouse gas (GHG) monitoring capabilities of Europe, identifies and quantifies the uncertainties involved, and outlines the direction to a continental scale GHG monitoring network. The book uniquely addresses both the methodology of carbon cycle science and the science itself, providing a synthesis of carbon cycle science. The methods included provide the first comprehensive coverage of a full GHG accounting and monitoring system.
Provides thorough assessment of the current greenhouse gas (GHG) monitoring capabilities of Europe
Makes practical recommendations for the development of a continental-scale GHG monitoring network
A unique synthesis of carbon cycle science