Sir John Lubbock, 4th Baronet, 1st Baron Avebury, PC FRS (1834-1913) was an English banker, politician, biologist and archaeologist. In 1865 he published what was probably the most influential archaeological text book of the 19th Century, Pre-Historic Times: As Illustrated by Ancient Remains and the Manners and Customs of Modern Savages, and was responsible for inventing the names Palaeolithic and Neolithic to denote the Old and New Stone Ages respectively. In 1870, and again in 1874, he was elected as a Liberal Party Member of Parliament (MP) for Maidstone. He carried numerous enactments in parliament, including the Bank Holidays Act of 1871 and the Ancient Monuments Act of 1882. Lubbock was also an amateur biologist of some distinction, writing books on hymenoptera such as Ants, Bees, and Wasps (1882) and A Record of Observations on the Habits of the Social Hymenoptera (1884).